Emergency and Survival Preparedness
This Topic Covers:
topic will outline life saving and survival techniques and products to use
during an outbreak or attack. Products that have been
for consumer purchase during pandemics and outbreaks. What to know when
purchasing respirators; what kind of respirators to use for certain biological
agents; and alternative methods with strong
antiviral, antifungal, and antibacterial properties that could be used for alternative
the absence of no conventional treatment.
Have you and your family come up with a plan that
will help you stay safe and stay connected in an emergency? If so,
that's great - take a few minutes now to update your plan. If not,
find out what you can do to keep everybody yourself, your family and even
members of your community safe.
The possibility of public health emergencies arising
in the United States concerns many people in the wake of recent hurricanes,
tsunamis, acts of terrorism, and the threat of pandemic influenza. Though
some people feel it is impossible to be prepared for unexpected events, the
truth is that taking preparedness actions helps people deal with disasters
of all sorts much more effectively when they do occur.
The need to
prepare is real
Disasters disrupt hundreds of thousands of lives
every year. Each disaster has lasting effects, both to people
If a disaster occurs in your community, local
government and disaster-relief organizations will try to help you, but
you need to be ready as well. Local responders may not be able to reach
you immediately, or they may need to focus their efforts elsewhere.
You should know how to respond to severe weather or
any disaster that could occur in your area—hurricanes, earthquakes,
extreme cold, flooding, or terrorism.
You should also be ready to be self-sufficient for
at least three days. This may mean providing for your own shelter, first
aid, food, water, and sanitation.
Basic Preparedness - You will need
to find out about hazards that threaten the community, how the population
will be warned, evacuation routes to be used in times of disaster, and the
emergency plans of the community and others that will impact your plan.
Guidance on specific content
that you and your family will need to develop and include in your plan on
how to escape from your residence, communicate with one another during times
of disaster, shut-off household utilities, insure against financial loss,
acquire basic safety skills, address special needs such as disabilities,
take care of animals, and seek shelter.
Checklists of items to consider including in your
disaster supplies kit that will meet your family’s needs following a
disaster whether you are at home or at other locations.
Ready.gov asks individuals to do
three key things: get an emergency supply kit, make a family emergency plan,
and be informed about the different types of emergencies that could occur
and their appropriate responses.
At this historic juncture, when the danger of
biological attack is clear and omnipresent, the exemplary record of
homeopathy in treating epidemic diseases gives the American Institute of
Homeopathy both opportunity and obligation to acquaint not only our own
patients, but also the medical community and the
public at large with a valuable additional service of which they may
well be unaware.
There is virtually no practical way that vaccines, antibiotics or other
treatment can be delivered to a frightened populace in a timely manner
during a crisis…
The public must be armed with preventive or therapeutic agents in their
vehicles, homes and the workplace. Natural antibiotics and antitoxins
are well documented in the medical literature, but overlooked by health
authorities. These antidotes are readily available for the public to
acquire and place in an emergency biological response kit.
Understand Quarantine and Isolation
People can be infected with dangerous diseases in a
number of ways. Some germs, like those causing malaria, are passed to humans
by animals. Other germs, like those that cause botulism, are carried to
people by contaminated food or water. Still others, like the ones causing
measles, are passed directly from person to person. These diseases are
Contagious diseases that pose a health risk to people
have always existed. While the spread of many of these diseases has been
controlled through vaccination and other public health efforts, avian
influenza ("bird flu") and terrorist acts worldwide have raised concerns
about the possibility of a disease risk. That makes it important for people
to understand what can and would be done to protect the public from the
spread of dangerous contagious diseases.
The CDC applies the term "quarantine" to more than just people. It also refers to any
situation in which a building, conveyance, cargo, or animal might be thought
to have been exposed to a dangerous contagious disease agent and is closed
off or kept apart from others to prevent disease spread.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is
the U.S. government agency responsible for identifying, tracking, and
controlling the spread of disease. With the help of the CDC, state and local
health departments have created emergency preparedness and response plans.
In addition to early detection, rapid diagnosis, and treatment with
antibiotics or antivirals, these plans use two main traditional strategies—quarantine
and isolation—to contain the spread of illness. These are common health
care practices to control the spread of a contagious disease by limiting
people's exposure to it.
The difference between quarantine and isolation can be
summed up like this:
Infectious disease: a
disease caused by a microorganism and therefore potentially infinitely
transferable to new individuals. May or may not be communicable. Example of
non communicable is disease caused by toxins from food poisoning or
infection caused by toxins in the environment, such as tetanus.
Communicable disease: an
infectious disease that is contagious and which can be transmitted from one
source to another by infectious bacteria or viral organisms.
Contagious disease: a
very communicable disease capable of spreading rapidly from one person to
another by contact or close proximity.
How long can quarantine and
isolation last? What is done to help the people who experience isolation or
The list of diseases for which quarantine or isolation
is authorized is specified in an Executive Order of the President. This list
currently includes cholera, diphtheria, infectious tuberculosis, plague,
smallpox, yellow fever, viral hemorrhagic fevers (Lassa, Marburg, Ebola,
Crimean-Congo, South American, and others not yet isolated or named), Severe
Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and influenza caused by novel or
reemergent influenza viruses that are causing, or have the potential to
cause, a pandemic.
would last for the period of communicability of the illness, which varies by
disease and the availability of specific treatment. Usually it occurs at a
hospital or other health care facility or in the person's home. Typically,
the ill person will have his or her own room and those who care for him or
her will wear protective clothing and take other precautions, depending on
the level of personal protection needed for the specific illness.
In most cases, isolation is voluntary; however,
federal, state and local governments have the authority to require isolation
of sick people to protect the public.
Modern quarantine lasts only as long as necessary to protect the public by
(1) providing public health care (such as immunization or drug treatment, as
required) and (2) ensuring that quarantined persons do not infect others if
they have been exposed to a contagious disease.
Modern quarantine is more likely to involve limited
numbers of exposed persons in small areas than to involve large numbers of
persons in whole neighborhoods or cities.
Quarantined individuals will be sheltered, fed, and
cared for at home, in a designated emergency facility, or in a specialized
hospital, depending on the disease and the available resources. They will
also be among the first to receive all available medical interventions to
prevent and control disease, including:
The duration and scope of quarantine measures would
vary, depending on their purpose and what is known about the incubation
period (how long it takes for symptoms to develop after exposure) of the
Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness
caused by influenza
viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness. Serious outcomes of flu
infection can result in hospitalization or death. Some people, such as older
people, young children, and people with certain
health conditions, are at high risk for serious flu complications. The
best way to prevent the flu is by getting vaccinated each year.
A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. It is
determined by how the disease spreads, not how many deaths it causes.
When a new influenza
A virus emerges, a flu pandemic can occur. Because the virus is new, the
human population has little to no immunity against it. The virus spreads
quickly from person-to-person worldwide.
The United States is not currently experiencing a flu
pandemic. If a pandemic occurs, the federal government will work to identify
the cause and create a vaccine. Flu.gov will provide updates on the steps
the federal government is taking to address the pandemic.
and Challenges of a Flu Pandemic
- Rapid Worldwide Spread
- When a pandemic flu virus emerges, expect it
to spread around the world.
- You should prepare for
a pandemic flu as if the entire world population is susceptible.
- Countries may try to delay the pandemic flu’s
arrival through border closings and travel restrictions, but they
cannot stop it.
- Overloaded Health Care Systems
- Most people have little or no immunity to a
pandemic virus. Infection and illness rates soar. A substantial
percentage of the world’s population will require some form of
- Nations are unlikely to have the staff,
facilities, equipment, and hospital beds needed to cope with the
number of people who get the pandemic flu.
- Death rates may be high. Four factors largely
determine the death toll:
- The number of people who become infected
- The strength of the virus
- The underlying characteristics and
vulnerability of affected populations
- The effectiveness of preventive
Inadequate Medical Supplies
A pandemic can create a shortage of hospital beds,
ventilators, and other supplies. Alternative sites, such as schools, may
serve as medical facilities.
Disrupted Economy and Society
- The need for vaccines is likely to be larger
than the supply. Those at highest
risk will likely get the
- Early in a pandemic, the need for antiviral
medications is likely to be larger than the supply. Those at highest
risk will likely get antiviral medications first.
- Travel bans, event cancellations, and school
and business closings could have a major impact on communities and
- Caring for sick family members and fear of
exposure could result in significant employee absenteeism.
The Flu Vaccine
How effective is the flu
vaccine? - Inactivated influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) can vary
from year to year and among different age and risk groups. For more
information about vaccine effectiveness, visit How
Well Does the Seasonal Flu Vaccine Work?
How long does a flu vaccine
protect me from getting the flu? Multiple studies conducted over
different seasons and across vaccine types and influenza virus subtypes have
shown that the body’s immunity to influenza viruses (acquired either through
natural infection or vaccination) declines over time. The decline in
antibodies is influenced by several factors, including the antigen used in
the vaccine, age of the person being vaccinated, and the person's general
health (for example, certain chronic health conditions may have an impact on
immunity). When most healthy people with regular immune systems are
vaccinated, their bodies produce antibodies and they are protected
throughout the flu season, even as antibody levels decline over time. People
with weakened immune systems may not generate the same amount of antibodies
after vaccination; further, their antibody levels may drop more quickly when
compared to healthy people.
For everyone, getting vaccinated each year provides the
best protection against influenza throughout flu season. It’s important to
get a flu vaccine every year, even if you got vaccinated the season before
and the viruses in the vaccine have not changed for the current season.
for the Flu
There are four antiviral drugs approved for treating
the flu in the United States—oseltamivir (Tamiflu), zanamivir (Relenza),
amantadine (generic), and rimantadine (Flumadine).
FDA provides information on availability
of antivirals for the 2012-2013 seasonal flu season.
On December 21, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration expanded the approved
use of Tamiflu to treat children as young as 2 weeks old who have shown
symptoms of flu for no longer than two days. Tamiflu is the only product
approved to treat flu infection in children younger than 1 year old.
If you get the flu, antiviral medications can make your
illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent
serious complications from the flu. Antiviral medications work best when
started within the first two days of getting sick.
If you are exposed to the flu, antiviral medication
can prevent you
from becoming sick. Talk to your health care provider if you have been
or may be near a person with the flu.
Do I need
antibiotics? Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections. They
are not effective against viral infections like the flu. Some people have
bacterial infections along with or caused by the flu and will need to take
antibiotics. Severe or prolonged illness or illness that seems to get better
but then gets worse may be a sign of bacterial infection.
should antiviral drugs be taken? To treat
the flu, TamifluŽ and RelenzaŽ are usually prescribed for 5 days, although
people hospitalized with the flu may need the medicine for longer than 5
What is Antiviral Resistance
What is antiviral resistance?
resistance means that a virus has changed in such a way that the
antiviral drug is less effective in treating or preventing illness. Samples
of viruses collected from around the United States and worldwide are studied
to determine if they are resistant to any of the FDA-approved influenza
will CDC do to monitor antiviral resistance in the United States during the
2013-2014 season? CDC routinely collects viruses through a domestic
and global surveillance system to monitor for changes in influenza viruses.
CDC will continue ongoing surveillance and testing of influenza viruses.
Additionally, CDC is working with the state public health departments and
the World Health Organization to collect additional information on antiviral
resistance in the United States and worldwide. The information collected
will assist in making informed public health policy recommendations.
What are the benefits of
antiviral drugs? When used for treatment, antiviral drugs can lessen
symptoms and shorten the time you are sick by 1 or 2 days. They also can
prevent serious flu complications, like pneumonia. For people with a high
risk medical condition, treatment with an antiviral drug can mean the
difference between having milder illness instead of very serious illness
that could result in a hospital stay.
When should antiviral drugs be
taken for treatment? Studies show that flu antiviral drugs work best
for treatment when they are started within 2 days of getting sick. However,
starting them later can still be helpful, especially if the sick person has
a high risk health condition or is very sick from the flu. Follow
instructions for taking these drugs.
What antiviral drugs are recommended this flu season?
There are two FDA-approved influenza antiviral drugs recommended by CDC this
season. The brand names for these are TamifluŽ (generic name oseltamivir)
and RelenzaŽ (generic name zanamivir). TamifluŽ is available as a pill or
liquid and RelenzaŽ is a powder that is inhaled. (RelenzaŽ is not for people
with breathing problems like asthma or COPD, for example.)
should antiviral drugs be taken? To treat the flu, TamifluŽ and
RelenzaŽ are usually prescribed for 5 days, although people hospitalized
with the flu may need the medicine for longer than 5 days.
Flu Complication Risk Factors
Following is a list of all the health and age factors
that are known to increase a person’s risk of getting serious complications
from the flu:
Neurological and neurodevelopmental conditions
Blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease)
Chronic lung disease (such as chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] and cystic fibrosis)
Endocrine disorders (such as diabetes mellitus)
Heart disease (such as congenital heart disease,
congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease)
Metabolic disorders (such as inherited metabolic
disorders and mitochondrial disorders)
Morbid obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or
People younger than 19 years of age on long-term
Weakened immune system due to disease or
medication (such as people with HIV
or AIDS, or cancer, or
those on chronic steroids)
Other people at high risk from
Adults 65 years and older
Children younger than 5 years old, but
especially children younger than 2 years old
Pregnant women and women up to 2 weeks after the
end of pregnancy
American Indians and Alaska Natives
Avoid close contact with
people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others
to protect them from getting sick too.
If possible, stay home from work, school, and
errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when
coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.
Washing your hands often will help protect you from
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs are
often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with
germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
Practice other good health habits. Get plenty of
sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids,
and eat nutritious food.
A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of
viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in
people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but
it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause
disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their
ability to be spread into the environment.
Biological agents can be spread through the air,
through water, or in food. Terrorists may use biological agents because they
can be extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several
hours to several days. Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus,
can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, cannot. For
information on which bioterrorism agents can be spread from person to
person, please see the alphabetical
list of bioterrorism agents.
agents can be separated into three
categories, depending on how easily they can be spread and the severity of
illness or death they cause.
Category A agents are
considered the highest risk and the highest priority.
Category B agents are the second highest priority.
Category C agents are the third highest priority
and include emerging pathogens that could be engineered for mass spread
in the future.
www.sfcdcp.org - SF
Department of Public Health
Category A Agents - Highest priority agents: Organisms that
pose a risk to national security because they can be easily disseminated or
transmitted from person to person; that result in high mortality rates and
have the potential for major public health impact; that might cause public
panic and social disruption; and that require special action for public
CDC Category B Agents - Second highest priority agents:
Organisms that are moderately easy to disseminate; that result in moderate
morbidity rates and low mortality rates; and that require enhanced
diagnostic capacity and disease surveillance.
Chemical Threat: A
chemical attack is the deliberate release of a toxic gas, liquid or solid that
can poison people and the environment. Watch
for signs of a chemical attack such as many people suffering from watery eyes,
twitching, choking, having trouble breathing or losing coordination.
Many sick or dead birds, fish or small animals are also cause for
If your eyes
are watering, your skin is stinging, you are having trouble breathing or you
simply think you may have been exposed to a chemical,
strip and wash. Look for a hose,
fountain or any source of water. Wash
with soap, if possible, but do not scrub the chemical into your skin.
Seek emergency medical attention.
A biological attack is the deliberate release of germs or other
biological substances that can make you sick.
Many agents must be inhaled, either through a cut in the skin or be eaten
to make you sick. Some biological
agents, such as anthrax, do not cause contagious diseases. Others, like the
smallpox virus, can result in diseases you can catch from people.
explosion, a biological attack may or may not be immediately obvious.
While it is possible that you will see signs of a biological attack, as
was sometimes the case with the anthrax mailings, it is perhaps more likely that
local health care workers will report a pattern of unusual illness or there will
be a wave of sick people seeking emergency medical attention.
You will probably learn of the danger through an emergency radio or TV
broadcast or some other signal used in your community.
The three basic groups of biological agents that would
likely be used as weapons are bacteria, viruses and toxins. Most biological
agents are difficult to grow and maintain. Many break down quickly when
exposed to sunlight and other environmental factors, while others, such as
anthrax spores, are very long lived. Biological agents can be dispersed by
spraying them into the air, by infecting animals that carry the disease to
humans and by contaminating food and water. Delivery methods include:
Aerosols - biological
agents are dispersed into the air, forming a fine mist that may drift for
miles. Inhaling the agent may cause disease in people or animals.
Animals - some diseases
are spread by insects and animals, such as fleas, mice, flies, mosquitoes
Food and water contamination -
some pathogenic organisms and toxins may persist in food and water supplies.
Most microbes can be killed, and toxins deactivated, by cooking food and
boiling water. Most microbes are killed by boiling water for one minute, but
some require longer. Follow official instructions.
spread of a few infectious agents is also possible. Humans have been the
source of infection for smallpox, plague, and the Lassa viruses.
A Radiation Threat or
"Dirty Bomb" is the use of common explosives to
spread radioactive materials. It is not a nuclear blast. The force of the
explosion and radioactive contamination will be more localized. In order to
limit the amount of radiation you are exposed to, think about
Shielding: If you have a thick shield between yourself and the radioactive materials more of the
radiation will be absorbed by the thick shield, and you will be
exposed to less.
Distance: The farther
away you are from the radiation the lower your exposure.
Minimizing time spent exposed will also reduce your risk. Local authorities
may not be able to immediately provide information on what is happening and
what you should do. However, you should watch TV, listen to the radio, or
check the Internet often for official news and information as it becomes
How should I
prepare for a radiation emergency? Your community should have a plan
in place in case of a radiation emergency. Check with community leaders to
learn more about the plan. Also, check with your child's school, the nursing
home of a family member, and your employer to see what their plans are for
dealing with a radiation emergency. At home, put together an emergency
kit that would be appropriate for any emergency. A battery-powered or
hand crank emergency radio, preferably a National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA) weather radio is important to have for any emergency
What are the
different types of radiation emergencies? Radiation emergencies may
be intentional (e.g., caused by terrorists) or unintentional. Below are some
examples of different types of radiation emergencies:
Will a mask
protect me from radiation exposure and contamination? If you are
outside during a radiation emergency and cannot get inside immediately,
covering your mouth and nose with a mask, cloth, or towel can help reduce
the amount of radioactive material you breathe. If you can, you should also
cover your mouth with a mask, cloth, or towel when you are decontaminating
other people (such as children) or pets.
What if I am
in my car during a radiation emergency? Get inside a building right
away. Cars do not provide good protection from radioactive material. If you
can get to a brick or concrete multi-story building or basement within a few
minutes, go there. But being inside any building is safer than being
What does it
mean to shelter-in-place during a radiation emergency?
“Sheltering-in-place” means to get inside a building and stay there.
In a radiation emergency, such as a nuclear power plant accident, a nuclear
detonation, or the explosion of a dirty bomb you may be asked to get inside
a building and take shelter for a period of time instead of leaving.
The walls of a building can block much of the harmful radiation.
Because radioactive materials become weaker over time, staying inside for at
least 24 hours can protect you and your family until it is safe to leave the
If I was
outside when a radiation emergency happened, what should I do to remove
radioactive material from myself? Radioactive material can fall from
the air like dust or sand and land on objects below, like people, buildings,
cars, and roads. Radioactive contamination can spread in the same way that
dust or mud can be tracked into the home or spread to another person or
object. It is important to get radioactive material off your body as soon as
possible to lower your risk of harm. Even just
removing your outer layer of clothing can remove up to 90% of radioactive
material. This is called decontamination.
You can still use tap water for
decontamination. Any radioactive material that gets into surface
water or ground water sources will be diluted to very low levels by the
water and will be safe to use for washing skin, hair, and clothing.
What should I
do if there are problems communicating with others during a radiation
emergency? Try to use text messages (SMS) to communicate with others.
Making phone calls could be hard.
In the event of an Improvised
Nuclear Device (IND) Incident, an electromagnetic pulse, or EMP is
possible. An EMP is a side effect of a nuclear detonation that produces a
surge of energy. This surge can damage electronic devices. If your
electronic devices with batteries are not working, you can try taking the
batteries out of the device, putting them back in, and restarting the device
Other devices may only require resetting
switches and circuit breakers to work again. Do not go outside to reset
How will I
know if food or water is safe? Following a radiation emergency,
scientists will be testing drinking water supplies to make sure it is safe.
Until those results are available, bottled water is the only water source
that is certain to be free of contamination. You can use tap or well water
for cleaning yourself and your food. The safest food to eat is food in
sealed containers (cans, bottles, boxes, etc.). Unspoiled food in your
refrigerator or freezer is also safe to eat. For more information on food
and water safety, please see the following topics in the Stay
water get rid of radioactive material? Boiling tap water does not get
rid of radioactive materials. Until test results are available, bottled
water is the only water that is free of contamination.
external contamination with radioactive materials? External
contamination occurs when radioactive material comes into contact with a
person’s skin, hair, or clothing. During a radiological or nuclear
emergency, radioactive material can fall from the air like dust or sand and
land on object below, like people, buildings, cars and roads. To protect
yourself from external contamination, Get Inside,
Stay Inside, and Stay Tuned.
internal contamination with radioactive materials? During a
radiological or nuclear emergency, radioactive materials may be released
into the air and then breathed into the lungs, or may get into the body
through open wounds. Radioactive materials may also contaminate the local
food supply and get into the body through eating or drinking. This is called
are the immediate health effects
of exposure to radiation? The health effects of radiation depend on:
The amount of radiation absorbed by the body (the
The type of radioactive material
How the radioactive material got in or on the body
The length of time a person was exposed
Exposure to large amounts of radiation over a short
period of time can cause Acute Radiation
Syndrome (ARS). If you have symptoms of ARS (skin burns, nausea, or
vomiting) seek medical attention as soon as it is safe to leave your
building or shelter. If you were exposed to a small amount of radiation, you
will not see any health effects right away.
What are the
long term health effects of radiation exposure? The long-term
recovery process after a radiation emergency can lead to increased emotion
and psychological distress. In addition, people who receive high doses of
radiation could have a greater risk of developing cancer later in life,
depending on the level of radiation exposure. For people who receive low
doses of radiation, the risk of cancer from radiation exposure is so small
that is cannot be separated from exposure to chemicals, genetics, smoking or
diet. Health officials will monitor people affected by radiation emergencies
for any long-term health effects.
What is the
difference between radiation exposure and contamination? If you have
been exposed to radiation, you are not necessarily contaminated with
radioactive material. Radioactive materials give off a form of energy that
travels in waves or particles. When you are exposed to certain types of
radiation, the energy may penetrate the body. For you to be contaminated,
the radioactive material must be in or on your body. For example, if you
have an x-ray, you are exposed to radiation, but you are not contaminated
with radioactive material.
What are the
symptoms of radiation sickness? Symptoms of Acute
Radiation Syndrome (ARS), or radiation sickness, may include nausea,
vomiting, headache and diarrhea. These symptoms start within minutes to days
after the exposure, can last for minutes up to several days, and may come
and go. If you have these symptoms after a radiation emergency, seek medical
attention as soon as emergency officials say it is safe to do so.
medicines available for radiation exposure or contamination with radioactive
materials? Some medical treatments are available for limiting or
removing internal contamination depending on the type of radioactive
material involved. Medical professionals will determine if treatments are
Should I take
potassium iodide (KI) during a radiation emergency? People should
only take KI (potassium iodide) on the advice of public health or emergency
management officials. There are health risks associated with taking KI.
How will I
know if I have been exposed to or contaminated by radioactive materials?
Emergency officials will be working to determine who may have been exposed
to radiation. The best way to limit your exposure is to get
inside, stay inside, and stay tuned. If you were outdoors in an area
when a radiation emergency happens, you could be contaminated with
yourself will lower your exposure to harmful radioactive material
Depending on where you were during the radiation
emergency, emergency officials may advise you to get screened at a Community
Reception Center (CRC). At a CRC, emergency workers will use radiation
detectors to look for any radioactive contamination.
The following are things you can do to prepare, and
protect yourself, your family and your property from the effects of
Prepare My Family
for a Disaster
What You Need to Know: Because your
family may not be together when a disaster strikes it is important to create
a plan in advance. It is also essential to have a disaster supplies kit that
includes basic items from your home that you may need in case of emergency.
Your plan should include:
How you will get to a safe place
How you will contact each another
How you will get back together
What you will do in different situations
Start preparing for an emergency or disaster before anything happens. You
should find reliable information sources, warning systems and alert systems
in advance. Family communication is very important. Meet with family
members and consider both people and pets.
We recommend using our family emergency plan resource,
which collects all vital information in one place in wallet-size cards you
can carry with you. It is also critical to check to determine school
and workplace plans so you know how to best communicate and communicate with
family members who may be in school or at work when an emergency hits.
You may have to evacuate at a moment’s notice and take
essentials with you. You will probably not have time to search for the
supplies you need or shop for them. A disaster supplies kit is simply
a collection of basic items you may need in the event of an emergency.
Assemble your kit well in advance of an emergency so you can survive on your
own after an emergency.
DHS/FEMA provides a guide to prepare your kit, which
can be tailored to meet the needs of individual family health and related
concerns. One key: Food, water and other supplies to last for at least
Although local officials and relief workers will be
around after a disaster, they cannot reach everyone immediately. Your help
may arrive in hours or it might take days.
Electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment and
telephones may be off for days or even a week, or longer. Your supplies kit
should contain items to help you manage during these outages.
Build an Emergency
Supply Kit, which includes items like non-perishable food, water, a
battery-powered or hand-crank radio, extra flashlights and batteries.
Make a Family
Emergency Plan. Your family may not be together when disaster
strikes, so it is important to know how you will contact one another,
how you will get back together and what you will do in case of an
Plan places where your family will meet, both
within and outside of your immediate neighborhood.
It may be easier to make a long-distance phone call
than to call across town, so an out-of-town contact may be in a better
position to communicate among separated family members.
You may also want to inquire about emergency plans
at places where your family spends time: work, daycare and school. If no
plans exist, consider volunteering to help create one.
Knowing your community's warning systems and
Notify caregivers and babysitters about your plan.
Make plans for your pets.
Check with your doctor to ensure all required or
suggested immunizations are up to date. Children and older adults are
particularly vulnerable to biological agents.
Consider installing a High-Efficiency Particulate
Air (HEPA) filter in your furnace return duct. These filters remove
particles in the 0.3 to 10 micron range and will filter out most
biological agents that may enter your house. If you do not have a
central heating or cooling system, a stand-alone portable HEPA filter
can be used.
Steps for Preparedness
Gather Emergency Supplies - If disaster strikes your
community, you might not have access to food, water, or electricity for some
time. By taking time now to prepare emergency water
supplies and disaster
supplies kit, you can provide for your entire family.
Even though it is unlikely that an emergency would cut
off your food supplies for two weeks, consider maintaining a supply that
will last that long. You may not need to go out and buy foods to prepare an
emergency food supply. You can use the canned goods, dry mixes, and other
staples on your cupboard shelves.
Having an ample supply of clean water is a top priority
in an emergency. A normally active person needs to drink at least 2 quarts
(a half gallon) of water each day. You will also need water for food
preparation and hygiene. Store at least an additional half-gallon per
person, per day for this.
Store at least a 3-day supply and consider storing a
two-week supply of water for each member of your family. If you are unable
to store this much, store as much as you can. You can reduce the amount of
water your body needs by reducing activity and staying cool.
And don't forget to take your pets and service animals
Complete this checklist
telephone numbers by phones (fire, police, ambulance, etc.).
Teach children how and when to call 911 or your
local Emergency Medical Services number for emergency help.
Determine the best escape routes from your home.
Find two ways out of each room.
Find the safe spots in your home for each type
Show each family member how and when to turn off
the water, gas, and electricity at the main switches.
Check if you have adequate insurance coverage.
Teach each family member how to use the fire
extinguisher, and show them where it’s kept.
Install smoke detectors on each level of your
home, especially near bedrooms.
Conduct a home hazard hunt.
Stock emergency supplies and assemble a disaster
Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR class and the
use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). (Contact your local American
Red Cross chapter for more information.)
Practice your plan
Test your smoke
detectors monthly, and change the batteries at least once a year.
Quiz your kids every six months so they remember
what to do.
Conduct fire and emergency evacuation drills.
water every three months and stored
food every six months.
Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s)
according to manufacturer’s instructions.
Winter Storms &
Adequate clothing and blankets to keep you warm.
Sufficient heating fuel. You may become isolated
in your home and regular fuel sources may be cut off. Store a good
supply of dry, seasoned wood for your fireplace or wood-burning stove.
Winterize your home to extend the life of your
fuel supply by insulating walls and attics, caulking and
weather-stripping doors and windows, and installing storm windows or
covering windows with plastic.
Winterize your house, barn, shed or any other
structure that may provide shelter for your family, neighbors, livestock
or equipment. Clear rain gutters; repair roof leaks and cut away tree
branches that could fall on a house or other structure during a storm.
Maintain heating equipment and chimneys by
having them cleaned and inspected every year.
Insulate pipes with insulation or newspapers and
plastic and allow faucets to drip a little during cold weather to avoid
freezing. Running water, even at a trickle, helps prevent pipes from
All fuel-burning equipment should be vented to
the outside and kept clear.
Keep fire extinguishers on hand, and make sure
everyone in your house knows how to use them. House fires pose an
additional risk, as more people turn to alternate heating sources
without taking the necessary safety precautions.
Learn how to shut
off water valves (in case a pipe bursts).
Insulate your home by installing storm windows
or covering windows with plastic from the inside to keep cold air out.
Hire a contractor to check the structural ability
of the roof to sustain unusually heavy weight from the accumulation of
snow - or water, if drains on flat roofs do not work.
How to Shelter in Place
"Shelter-in-place" means to take immediate shelter
where you are—at home, work, school, or in between. It may also mean "seal
the room;" in other words, take steps to prevent outside air from coming in.
This is because local authorities may instruct you to "shelter-in-place" if
chemical or radiological contaminants are released into the environment. It
is important to listen to TV or radio to understand whether the authorities
wish you to merely remain indoors or to take additional steps to protect
yourself and your family.
How do I prepare At Home?
Choose a room in advance for your shelter. The
best room is one with as few windows and doors as possible. A large
room, preferably with a water supply, is desirable—something like a
master bedroom that is connected to a bathroom.
Contact your workplaces, your children's
schools, nursing homes where you may have family and your local town or
city officials to find out what their plans are for "shelter-in-place."
Find out when warning systems will be tested.
When tested in your area, determine whether you can hear or see sirens
and/or warning lights from your home.
Develop your own family emergency plan so that
every family member knows what to do. Practice it regularly.
Assemble a disaster
supplies kit that includes emergency water and food supplies.
Additional Supplies for
In the unlikely event that chemical or radiological
hazards cause officials to advise people in a specific area to
"shelter-in-place" in a sealed room, households should have in the room they
have selected for this purpose:
Ten square feet of floor space per person will provide
sufficient air to prevent carbon dioxide buildup for up to five hours. Local
officials are unlikely to recommend the public shelter in a sealed room for
more than two-three hours because the effectiveness of such sheltering
diminishes with time as the contaminated outside air gradually seeps into
keep a shut-off valve wrench near the gas and water shut-off valves in your
How will I
know when I need to "shelter-in-place"?
Fire or police department warning procedures could
Facilities that handle
potentially dangerous materials, like nuclear power plants, are required to
install sirens and other warning systems (flash warning lights) to cover a
10-mile area around the plant.
Learn How to Shelter in Place
The appropriate steps depend on the emergency
situation. If you hear a warning signal, listen to local radio or television
stations for further information. You will be told what to do, including
where to find the nearest shelter if you are away from your
If you are told to "shelter-in-place," act quickly.
Follow the instructions of local authorities. In general:
Bring children and
pets indoors immediately. If your children are at school, do not try to
bring them home unless told to. The school will shelter them.
Close and lock all outside doors and windows.
Locking may provide a tighter seal.
If you are told there is danger of explosion,
close the window shades, blinds, or curtains.
Turn off the heating, ventilation, or air
conditioning system. Turn off all fans, including bathroom fans operated
by the light switch.
Close the fireplace or woodstove damper. Become
familiar with proper operation of flues and dampers ahead of time.
Get your disaster
supplies kit, and make sure the radio is working.
The room should have 10 square feet of floor space per
person in order to provide sufficient air to prevent carbon dioxide buildup
for 5 hours. In this room, you should store scissors, plastic sheeting
pre-cut to fit over any windows or vents and rolls of duct tape to secure
the plastic. Access to a water supply is desirable, as is a working
hard-wired telephone. Don't rely on cell phones because cellular telephone
circuits may be overwhelmed or damaged during an emergency. Also, a power
failure will render most cordless phones inoperable.
Take everyone, including pets, into an interior
room with no or few windows and shut the door.
If you have pets, prepare a place for them to
relieve themselves where you are taking shelter. Pets should not go
outside during a chemical or radiation emergency because it is harmful
to them and they may track contaminants into your shelter. The
Humane Society of the United States suggests that you have plenty of
plastic bags and newspapers, as well as containers and cleaning
supplies, to help deal with pet waste.
If you are instructed to seal the room, use duct
tape and plastic sheeting, such as heavy-duty plastic garbage bags, to seal
all cracks around the door into the room. Tape plastic over any windows.
Tape over any vents and seal electrical outlets and other openings. As much
as possible, reduce the flow of air into the room.
Make sure all family members know what to do in an
emergency whether they are at home, school, work, or outdoors. This includes
knowing the number of an out-of-town friend or relative who has agreed to
serve as an emergency contact. It can be easier to reach someone out of town
during an emergency than to reach someone locally, including family members.
The contact can collect the information on where and how everybody is and
help reassure and reunite families.
Call your emergency contact and keep the phone
handy in case you need to report a life-threatening condition. Otherwise
stay off the phone, so that the lines will be available for use by
Keep listening to your radio or television until
you are told all is safe or you are told to evacuate. Do not evacuate
unless instructed to do so.
When you are told that the emergency is over,
open windows and doors, turn on ventilation systems, and go outside
until the building's air has been exchanged with the now clean outdoor
air. Follow any special instructions given by emergency authorities to
avoid chemical or radiological contaminants outdoors.
Help ensure that the
emergency plan and checklist involves all employees. Volunteers or
recruits should be assigned specific duties during an emergency.
Alternates should be assigned to each duty.
The shelter kit should be checked on a regular
basis. Duct tape and first aid supplies can sometimes disappear when all
employees know where the shelter kit is stored. Batteries for the radio
and flashlight should be replaced regularly.
How to Shelter in Place in a Vehicle
Admittedly, taking shelter in a vehicle may be an
uncomfortable experience, particularly in very hot or very cold weather.
Still, such discomfort is safer than possibly exposing yourself to chemical
or radiological contaminants in the outside air. Having a portable disaster
supplies kit in your vehicle could make the experience less unpleasant.
The appropriate steps depend on the emergency
situation. If you hear a warning signal, listen to local radio or television
stations for further information. You will be told what to do, including
where to find the nearest shelter if you are away from your
If you are very close to home, your workplace or
a public building, go there immediately and go inside. Follow the
"shelter-in-place" recommendations for that location.
If you are unable to get indoors quickly and
safely, then pull over to the side of the road. Stop your vehicle in the
safest place possible. If it is sunny outside, it is preferable to stop
under a bridge or in a shady spot to avoid being overheated.
Turn off the engine.
Close windows and vents.
If possible, seal the heating, ventilating, and
air conditioning vents with duct tape or anything else you may have
Listen to the radio periodically for updated
advice and instructions. (Modern car radios consume very little battery
power and should not affect your ability to start your car later.)
Stay where you are until you are told it is safe
to get back on the road. Be aware that some roads may be closed or
traffic detoured. Follow the directions of law enforcement officials.
Supplies for your vehicle could include:
Bottled water and
non-perishable foods such as granola bars.
Seasonal supplies: Winter - blanket, hat,
mittens, shovel, sand, tire chains, windshield scraper, florescent
distress flag; Summer - sunscreen lotion (SPF 15 or greater), shade item
(umbrella, wide brimmed hat, etc.).
Flashlight, extra batteries, and maps.
First aid kit and manual
with pocket knife.
White distress flag.
Tire repair kit, booster/jumper cables, pump,
Road salt and sand
What You Should Have in Your Supply Kit
Ready.gov asks individuals to do
three key things: get an emergency supply kit, make a family emergency plan,
and be informed about the different types of emergencies that could occur
and their appropriate responses.
All Americans should have some basic supplies on hand
in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs.
However, it is important that individuals review this
list and consider where they live and the unique needs of their family in
order to create an emergency supply kit that will meet these needs.
Individuals should also consider having at least two emergency supply kits,
one full kit at home and smaller portable kits in their workplace, vehicle
or other places they spend time.
Following is a listing of some basic items that every
emergency supply kit should include.
Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit
Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at
least three days, for drinking and sanitation
Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable
Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather
Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
Flashlight and extra batteries
First aid kit
Emergency reference materials such as a first aid book
or a print out of the information on www.ready.gov
Whistle to signal for help
Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air and
plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for
Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
Can opener for food (if kit contains canned food)
pair of goggles and disposable breathing masks for each member of the
Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit:
Prescription medications and glasses
Have any nonprescription drugs and other health
supplies on hand, including pain relievers, stomach remedies, cough and
cold medicines, fluids with electrolytes, and vitamins
Infant formula and diapers, if you have an infant
Pet food and extra water for your pet
Important family documents such as copies of insurance
policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable
Cash or traveler’s checks and change
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When
diluted nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a
disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16
drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use
scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
Matches in a waterproof container
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils,
Paper and pencil
Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
Clothing and Bedding:
Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider
additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved
shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live
in a cold-weather climate.
If you live in a cold weather climate, you must think
about warmth. It is possible that the power will be out and you will not
have heat. Rethink your clothing and bedding supplies to account for growing
children and other family changes. One complete change of warm clothing and
shoes per person, including:
Click Here To Print PDF Emergency Checklist or
Recommended Supplies List (Text)
Maintaining Your Kit
Just as important as putting your supplies together is
maintaining them so they are safe to use when needed. Here are some tips to
keep your supplies ready and in good condition:
Keep canned food in
a cool, dry place.
Store boxed food in tightly closed plastic or metal
containers to protect from pests and to extend its shelf life.
Throw out any canned good that becomes swollen, dented
Use foods before they go bad and replace them with
Place new items at the back of the storage area and
older ones in the front.
Change stored food and water
supplies every six months. Be sure to write the date you store it on all
Re-think your needs every year and update your kit as
your family’s needs change.
Keep items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire
disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry containers, such as an
unused trashcan, camping backpack or duffel bag.
Keep Life in Your Food Storage
All living things must eat to stay healthy, so you may
think that the foods you store must be of the highest nutritional content.
While nutrition is very important, it is not the single most important thing
to be concerned about when storing food. Your food storage program must be
designed to sustain life. Here are a few suggestions for keeping life in
your food storage program:
Store food in food grade containers that can be tightly
sealed to keep bugs and moisture out;
Keep food, even when tightly sealed, away from
gasoline, kerosene, chemicals or household cleaning products;
Store appropriate items as cold (45-55°) as possible
for maximum shelf life;
Rotate food every five years; and
Have oxygen absorbers such as bay leaves and dry
ice on hand. They can be effective in keeping bugs away.
Food & Water Safety
What You Need to Know About Food and Water Safety
During Hurricanes, Power Outages, and Floods:
Food Supplies -
If a natural or
human-caused disaster strikes your community, you might not have access to
food, water, and electricity for a while. By taking steps now to store
emergency food and water supplies, along with a disaster
supplies kit, you can reduce the effect of any such disaster on your
Detailed information on the steps outlined below can be
found in the American Red Cross publication, "Food
and Water in an Emergency." During and after a disaster, it will be
vital that you and your household (including your pets) eat enough to
maintain your strength.
Store foods that you eat regularly. Foods that
require no refrigeration, preparation, or cooking are best. Include
vitamin, mineral, and protein supplements to ensure adequate nutrition.
Store enough food for two weeks. It is better to
have extra you can share than to run out.
Individuals with special diets and allergies
will need particular attention, as will babies, toddlers, ill and
elderly people. Nursing mothers may need liquid formula, in case they
are unable to nurse. Canned dietetic foods, juices, and soups may be
helpful for ill or elderly people.
Make sure you have a manual can opener and
During and after a disaster, eat at least one
well-balanced meal each day, more if you are working hard. If activity
is reduced, healthy people can survive on half their usual food intake
for an extended period and without any food for many days. Food, unlike
water, may be rationed safely, except for children and pregnant women.
For emergency cooking, you can use a fireplace
or a charcoal grill or camp stove outdoors. Use only approved
devices—like candle warmers, chafing dishes, and fondue pots—for warming
food. If you heat food in its can, be sure to open it and remove the
label before heating. Never leave open flames unattended.
How and Where to Store Food
Keep food in a dry, cool spot—out of the sun,
Wrap perishable foods, such as cookies
crackers, in plastic bags and keep them in sealed containers.
Empty opened packages of sugar, dried fruits
and nuts into screw-top jars or airtight cans to keep them fresh and
Canned goods that have become swollen, dented
Fatty, high-protein or salty foods when your
water supply is low.
Keep your hands clean — it's one of the best
ways to keep from getting sick. If soap and running water are not available,
use alcohol-based hand gels or wipes to clean hands.
Inspect all food for signs of spoilage before
use. Throw out perishable foods, such as meat and poultry, that have been
left out at room temperature for more than 2 hours.
Eat salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals
and canned foods with high liquid content if your water supplies are low.
If there's a power outage, eat food in the
refrigerator first, the freezer next, and finally from your stored supplies.
In a well-filled, well-insulated freezer, foods will usually still have ice
crystals in their centers (meaning foods are safe to eat) for at least two
Replace your stored food on a regular basis -
six months, use
Dry, crisp crackers.
Within one year, use
Canned, condensed meat and vegetable soups.
Canned fruits, fruit juices and vegetables.
Hard candy and canned nuts.
Ready-to-eat cereals and uncooked instant
In proper containers and conditions, the following
can be stored indefinitely
Instant coffee, tea and cocoa
Wheat (for bread making)
If a natural or human-caused disaster
strikes your community, you might not have access to food, water and
electricity for a while. By taking steps now to store emergency food and
water supplies, along with a
supplies kit, you can reduce the affect of any such disaster on your
Detailed information on the steps outlined below can be
found in the American Red Cross publication, "Food
and Water in an Emergency." In an emergency, having a supply of clean
water for drinking, food preparation, and hygiene is a top priority.
Store at least 1 gallon per person and pet
Store at least a 3-day supply of water for
each member of your family.
In an emergency, drink at
least 2 quarts of water a day, 3 to 4 quarts a day if you are in a hot
climate, pregnant, sick, or a child. If supplies run low, don't ration
water: Drink the amount you need today and look for more tomorrow. Don't
risk dehydration. Emergency assistance should be available within a few days
How and Where to Store Water
Learn where the water intake valve to your home is. If
you hear reports of broken water or sewage lines, or if local officials
recommend doing so, you would need to shut off water to your house at the
incoming water valve to stop contaminated water from entering your home.
In a cool, dark place in your home, each
vehicle, and your workplace.
Preferably in store-bought, factory-sealed
Alternately, in food-grade-quality containers
made for storing water and available from sporting goods and surplus stores
and other retailers. These containers must be thoroughly washed, sanitized,
and rinsed. The water you store in them, if it's from your tap, may need to
be treated before being stored. Ask your public health service or water
provider for information on whether and how to treat the water. Follow those
instructions before storing any.
Safe Use of Water Containers
Wash containers with dishwashing soap and
rinse with water.
Sanitize by swishing a solution of 1 teaspoon
of liquid household chlorine bleach to a quart of water on all interior
surfaces of the container.
Rinse thoroughly with clean water before use.
Store-bought water past the expiration or
"use by" date on the container.
Containers that can't be sealed tightly.
Containers that can break, such as glass
Containers that have ever held any toxic
Plastic milk bottles and cartons. They are
difficult to clean and break down over time.
Change stored water every six months.
Alternate Emergency Water
Sources Inside and Outside Your Home
Inside - If a disaster catches you without a stored
supply of clean water, you can use the water in—
your hot-water tank
pipes and faucets
If your tap water is safe to
drink, so is the water in your pipes and hot-water tank, even if the idea
seems unappealing. If you don't drink tapwater, the water in your pipes and
hot-water tank may still be useful for sanitation.
To use the water in your hot-water tank, be sure the
electricity or gas is off, then open the drain at the bottom of the tank.
Start the water flowing by turning off the water intake valve at the tank
and turning on a hot-water faucet. Refill the tank before turning the gas or
electricity back on. If the gas is turned off, only a professional can turn
it back on.
To use the water in your pipes, identify and turn on
the highest faucet in your home to let air into the plumbing. You then can
get water from the lowest faucet.
Outside - If you need to
find water outside your home, try
Streams, rivers, and other moving bodies of
Ponds and lakes
Take steps to make water from any of these sources
safer before drinking it. You should not drink flood water. Avoid water with
floating material, an odor, or dark color. Use saltwater only if you distill
Ways to Make Outdoor Water Safer
instructions are not for treating water to be stored, only for emergencies
when no other water is available.
Untreated water can make you very sick. Besides
having a bad odor and taste, it can contain toxic chemicals, heavy metals
and germs that cause such diseases as dysentery, typhoid and hepatitis.
Before drinking outdoor water, using it in food preparation or for hygiene,
make it safer to use by
Straining it. Pour the water through
paper towels, a clean cloth, or a coffee filter to remove any suspended
Boiling it. In
a large pot or kettle, bring water to a rolling boil for 1 full minute.
Cool it and pour it back and forth between two clean containers to
improve its taste before drinking it.
Using household liquid bleach that contains 5.25 to 6.0 percent sodium
hypochlorite (listed on the label) as its only active ingredient, add 16
drops (1/8 teaspoon) per gallon to water in a large pot or kettle. Stir
and let stand for 30 minutes. If the water does not have a slight bleach
odor, repeat the dosage and let stand another 15 minutes. If it still
does not smell of chlorine, find another source of water and start over.
Fill a pot halfway with water. Tie a cup to the handle on the pot's lid
so that the cup will hang right-side-up inside the pot when the lid is
upside-down without dangling into the water. Boil the water for 20
minutes. The water that drips from the lid into the cup is distilled.
None of these methods is perfect. The best solution is
to use all of them. Boiling and chlorination will kill most microbes but
will not remove other contaminants, such as heavy metals, salts and most
other chemicals. Distillation will kill or remove most of any remaining
Communicating During Emergencies
disaster plan - Meet with your family and
discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the dangers of fire,
severe weather, and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities
and work together as a team.
Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to
happen. Explain what to do in each case.
Pick two places to meet:
Right outside your home
in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire.
Outside your neighborhood in case you can’t
return home. Everyone must know the address.
Safe and Well Website - Following the 2005 hurricane season, the Red Cross
developed the Safe
and Well website, which enables people within a disaster area to let
their friends and loved ones outside of the affected region know of their
well-being. By logging onto the
Cross public website, a person affected by disaster may post messages
indicating that they are safe and well at a shelter, hotel, or at home, and
that they will contact their friends and family as soon as possible. During
large-scale disasters, there will be telephone-based assistance via
the 1-866-GET-INFO hotline for people who live within the affected areas and
do not have Internet access, but wish to register on the Safe and Well
People who are concerned about family members in an
affected area may also access the Safe and Well website to view these
messages. They will be required to enter either the name and telephone
number, or the name and complete address, of the person about whom they wish
to get information. Red Cross chapters will provide telephone-based
assistance to local callers who do not have Internet access and wish to
search the Safe and Wellwebsite for information about a loved one.
Be assured that the information on the Safe and Well
website is secure and that information about the locations where people are
staying is not published. Privacy laws require the Red Cross to protect each
person's right to determine how best to communicate their contact
information and whereabouts to family members. The Red Cross does not
actively trace or attempt to locate individuals registered on the Safe and
Ask an out-of-state friend to be your “family contact”.
After a disaster, it’s often easier to call long distance. Other family
members should call this person and tell them where they are. Everyone must
know your contact’s phone number.
Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take
care of your pets.
Families should develop different methods for
communicating during emergency situations and share their plans beforehand
with all those who would be worried about their welfare. Options for
remaining in contact with family and friends if a disaster strikes include:
Phone contact with a designated family member or
friend who is unlikely to be affected by the same disaster.
Email notification via a family distribution
Registration on the American
Red Cross Safe and Well Website.
Use of the toll-free Contact
Loved Ones voice messaging service (1-866-78-CONTACT).
Use of the US
Postal Service change of address forms when it becomes necessary to
leave home for an extended period of time, thus ensuring that mail will
be redirected to a current address.
To Receive Lifesaving Alerts
You can receive important lifesaving alerts no matter
where you are - at home, at school, or at work.
Public safety officials use reliable systems to alert
you and your family in the event of natural or man-made disasters. Many
communities also offer emergency alert notifications through their own
systems. Check with the Integrated
Public Alert & Warning System Authorities website to learn what is
available in your area.
Emergency Alerts (WEA) send free
informational text messages to WEA-enabled cell phones within range
of an imminent and dangerous local situation, severe weather event, or AMBER
The WEA notification is
designed to get your attention and notify you with a unique sound and
vibration. When you receive an alert, take action and check local broadcasts
for more information.
Public safety officials use WEA to send you essential
information whenever you are near the location of a life-threatening event.
You do not need to register to receive WEA
notifications. You will automatically receive alerts if you have WEA-capable
phone and your wireless carrier participates in the program.
To find out if your mobile device is capable of
receiving WEA alerts, contact your mobile device carrier or visit
CTIA, The Wireless Association.
If you choose not to receive WEA messages, you can
adjust the alert settings on your mobile device. You can opt-out of
receiving imminent hazard and AMBER alerts, but you cannot opt-out of
For more information about Wireless Emergency Alerts, download the WEA
Fact Sheet or view Frequently
Strategic National Stockpile
CDC's Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) has large quantities of medicine
and medical supplies to protect the American public if there is a public
health emergency (terrorist attack, flu outbreak, earthquake) severe enough
to cause local supplies to run out. Once Federal and local authorities agree
that the SNS is needed, medicines will be delivered to any state in the U.S.
in time for them to be effective. Each state has plans to receive and
distribute SNS medicine and medical supplies to local communities as quickly
What should you know about the medicines in the
will you get your medicine if the SNS is delivered to your area?
are prepared to receive SNS medicine and medical supplies from the state to
provide to everyone in the community who needs them.
Find out about how to get medicine to protect you
and your family by watching TV, listening to the radio, reading the
newspaper, checking the community Web site on the Internet or learning from
trusted community leaders.
Know How You Would Get Antibiotics
During an Anthrax Crisis
If an anthrax emergency happened in your area, your
community might need to receive large amounts of antibiotics and medical
supplies from the federal government. The supplies would be sent to sites
that are usually called points of dispensing (PODs). PODs would be located
in your community in safe, familiar places such as schools or convention
In an anthrax emergency, you would be able to find out
where the nearest POD is located and what to bring to the POD by listening
to news updates on TV and the radio, visiting your health department’s
website, and staying alert for messages from community leaders.
PODs are designed to provide medicine to a large number
of people in a short period of time, so you could expect to stand in line.
While at the POD, you would be asked to fill out a form that includes some
basic information about your medical history. Once you complete your form, a
POD staff member would review it and determine which antibiotic is best for
Bioterrorism and Conventional Drug
To help prepare our country for possible bioterrorism
attacks, FDA is working with other federal agencies to make sure adequate
supplies of medicine and vaccines are available to the American public. This
page provides links to the most current information on drug therapy and
vaccines, plus advice on purchasing and taking medication.
Risks of Stockpiling Antibiotics to Counter Bioterrorism
www.tufts.edu - Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics
Are there disadvantages to
stockpiling antibiotics? Yes, there are
disadvantages. The consumer receives drugs without specific instructions and
they might not know when to take them.
What are the unique
anthrax and which ones could be the symptoms of some other disease? Without
specific instructions, patients are likely to take the drug for a common
illness, cold, or cough, which is not anthrax. Thus, stockpiling
ciprofloxacin could lead to widespread misuse of this important antibiotic
prior to any bioterrorist event. This can create the perfect scenario for
the emergence of bacterial resistance to the drug in both harmless bacteria,
which is less of a concern, and harmful bacteria, which cause pneumonias,
urinary tract infections, peritonitis, septicemias, sexually transmitted
diseases, and so on.
Is there any safe way to
stockpile antibiotics? Consumers should not use
stockpiled antibiotics unless there is an official public health alert
stating that we ARE having a bioterrorism event and that the organism is in
fact one that can be treated with this drug. There are bacteria for
which ciprofloxacin does not work. If the antibiotics are just stockpiled
and used only after an alert, then I am less worried. However, this puts the
responsibility on the consumer to refrain from popping these pills. Many
consumers are known to ask for antibiotics in the event of a cold, for which
they do not work. What's to keep the consumer from using an antibiotic they
Drug Information Related to
Nerve Agents: The following are links to drug information related to
Atropen (atropine autoinjector). FDA has approved
new dosage forms of the Atropen for use in children and adolescents
to certain nerve agents or insecticides. The Atropen has been approved since
1973 for use in adults. FDA
Talk Paper (Posted 6/20/2003)
Pyridostigmine bromide. FDA has approved pyridostigmine bromide to
increase survival after exposure to Soman "nerve
gas" poisoning. The product
is approved for combat use by United States military personnel. (Posted
Reactive Skin Decontamination Lotion (RSDL). FDA
has cleared for use by the U.S. military a liquid decontamination lotion
intended to remove or neutralize chemical warfare agents and T-2 fungal
toxin from the skin. FDA
News (Issued 3/28/2003)
Drug Information Related to
Cipro (Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride) Approved for Inhalation Anthrax)
Cipro: Approved Dosing for Children (PDF - 177KB) (labeling approved
Cipro (Ciprofloxacin): Use by Pregnant and Lactating Women
Information for Consumers on Cipro: Questions and Answers
Doxycycline and Penicillin G Procaine for Inhalational Anthrax
Public Health Emergency Home Preparation Instructions for Doxycycline -
Includes the pamphlet, "In an Emergency: How to Prepare Doxycycline for
Children and Adults Who Cannot Swallow Pills" (updated 7/2/2008)
Palatability Evaluations of Doxycycline Solid Dosage Tablets Ground and
Mixed in Food or Drinks (7/3/2002)
Stability and Dose Uniformity Evaluations of Doxycycline Solid Dosage
Tablets Ground and Mixed in Food or Drinks (7/3/2002)
Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Monodox, Doryx, Doxy, Atridox, Periodox,
Vibra-Tabs): Use by Pregnant and Lactating Women
Information for Consumers on Doxycycline
Information for Consumers on Penicillin G Procaine
Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Larotid, Trimox, Wymox) Use by Pregnant and
Lactating Women (11/20/2001)
Commentary on Non-Labeled Dosing of Oral Amoxicillin in Adults and
Pediatrics for Post-Exposure Inhalational Anthrax
Information Related to Radiation Emergencies
(For pediatric information,
please view the labels.) Conditions under which calcium-DTPA (Ca-DTPA)
and zinc-DTPA (Zn-DTPA) can be found to be safe and effective for the
treatment of internal contamination with plutonium, americium, or curium
to increase the rates of elimination of these substances from the
Potassium Iodide ("KI") Information - Potassium Iodide (KI) is a
safe and effective over-the-counter drug that blocks the uptake of
radioactive iodine into the thyroid.
Frequently Asked Questions on Potassium Iodide (KI) (2/21/2002;
Home Preparation Procedure for Emergency Administration of Potassium Iodide
Tablets to Infants and Small Children (PDF
- 33KB) (7/3/2002)
Easy-to-use, one-page instructions for home preparation of 130 mg tablets (PDF
- 329KB) (10/22/2002)
Easy-to-use, one-page instructions for home preparation of 65 mg tablets (PDF
Guidance: Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation
Emergencies (PDF - 40KB)(12/10/2001) Guidance on using potassium
iodide to reduce the risk of thyroid cancer in children and adults in
emergencies involving the release of radioactive iodine into the
FDA Talk Paper: Guidance on Protection of Children and Adults Against
Thyroid Cancer in Case of Nuclear Accident. (12/10/2001)
Prussian Blue Information: FDA approved Radiogardase, also known
as Prussian blue, to treat people exposed to radiation contamination, due to
harmful levels of cesium-137 or thallium. (10/2/2003)
Radiogardase (Prussian Blue) Labeling (PDF - 208KB)
(prescribing information for children and adults)
Precautions of Radiation
Recent media reports are starting to document
the side effects of taking potassium iodide. Then there is also the
unscrupulous vendors selling fake potassium iodide.
According to the US Center for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), general side effects of potassium iodide include:
Although detrimental side effects involving the thyroid
gland are rare, you're at an increased risk of damaging your thyroid gland
when taking potassium iodide if you:
take a higher than recommended dose
take the drug for several days, or
have pre-existing thyroid disease
… It is
also important to remember that potassium iodide only provides temporary
should only be taken immediately prior to the radiation exposure,
because it's cleared from your body within 24-72 hours after swallowing it.
More importantly, it does absolutely nothing to counter the effects of the
other radioactive isotopes that you would be exposed to.
It ONLY decreases exposure to
radioactive iodine, nothing else.
It also does not help your body
detoxify any radiation exposure.
How to Protect Yourself from Nuclear
Educate yourself, follow the situation closely as it unfolds, and be
received many requests from concerned readers, particularly in California,
asking for guidance on strategies to help protect against radioactive
fallout from the recent nuclear disaster in Japan…Please
understand that these are only preliminary recommendations that are still
pending more careful analysis.
Many people are relatively
deficient in iodine, and because of this they will readily absorb iodine
from the environment. Your body is unable to recognize the difference
between regular iodine and radioactive iodine. It will absorb them equally
well. So if you are deficient in iodine and a radioactive cloud passes by,
your body will tend to suck that radioactive iodine into your thyroid gland
to fill up its iodine stores.
In an ideal situation you will have been taking
adequate amounts of iodine from safe sources which will not only protect you
from radioactive iodine but from environmental toxins that can poison your
thyroid gland like fluoride, bromine and chlorine.
If you have not been taking
iodine and a radioactive cloud comes near your area then it would make sense
to take large doses of prophylactic iodine to prevent your thyroid gland
from absorbing the radioactive iodine.
However, it is important to understand that
the large dose of potassium iodide only protects your thyroid for one to
three days, no longer and it does
absolutely nothing to protect you from detoxifying the radiation...
At this time there does not seem to be a serious threat
in the US from the Japanese radiation cloud. However, it would seem wise to
have doses of potassium iodide for yourself and your family should another
nuclear crisis emerge that would affect you.
It is just a wise safety resource to have on hand.
Although a sounder long term
strategy would be to make sure you are getting enough iodine from high
sources that will
protect you more naturally.
But these need to be done over long
periods of time to build up your iodine stores.
How Many People are Deficient in Iodine?
Dr. Brownstein has been working with iodine for
the last twenty years and has tested over 5000 patients in his clinic and
found over 95% of them to be iodine deficient. This is an incredible result
as it puts iodine on par with the percentage of people that are deficient in
An interesting side note on vitamin D is that Dr.
Brownstein has worked with iodine and vitamin D as understood by the
principles I have been teaching and his clinical experience suggests that
iodine replacement is even more important than vitamin D in seeing immediate
review in the interview, the massive prevalence of iodine deficiency is a
new phenomenon that is likely a result of an absolute deficiency of iodine
intake combined with exposure to other environmental halogens that compete
for iodine receptors. This would be the fluoride and chloride that is
pervasive in our water supply, along with the halogenated byproducts.
Additionally we have bromine, which is part of most white flour products and
added to many items like rugs, carpets and pesticides added to commercial
fruits and vegetables. Dr. Brownstein has measured these levels on thousands
of patients and he actually finds bromide to be the most serious culprit...
19 out of 20 people are deficient in iodine, and
have toxic levels of bromide, which could lead to thyroid impairment, breast
and prostate cancers.
Fortunately this is easily remedied with sources
of supplemental iodine. Dr. Brownstein
recommends about 12.5 mg every day, which is about what the Japanese
typically would consume in their diet. He believes this will provide about
95 percent of the protection that the 130 mg one-time adult dose that is
currently recommended by public health authorities for radiation
It is tragic for a nuclear crisis to occur
anywhere but Japan is probably better prepared than any country in the world
from a health perspective, as it is likely that 19 out of 20 Japanese have
enough iodine and will not be at risk from the radioactive iodine exposure.
So the lesson is that you and your family
should ideally be on a comprehensive iodine/iodide supplement…
Considering the US has
loads of older nuclear plants that are susceptible to disasters and the high
incidence of iodine deficiency, it would make sense to
Issues Other than Radioactive Iodine You Need to Know About
It's also worth mentioning that radioactive iodine is certainly not the only
danger you face from nuclear fallout. There are a number of radioactive
compounds that wreak havoc on the environment and the human body, and
will not protect against those.
It is true that potassium iodide protects against high doses of a certain
type of radiation. As the New York Times notes:
“Fortunately, an easy form of protection is potassium
iodide, a simple compound typically added to table salt to prevent goiter
and a form of mental retardation caused by a dietary lack of iodine.
If ingested promptly after a nuclear accident,
potassium iodide, in concentrated form, can help
reduce the dose of radiation to the thyroid and thus the risk of cancer.
In the United States, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommends that
people living within a 10-mile emergency planning zone around a nuclear
plant have access to potassium iodide tablets…
Over the long term, the big threat to human health
is cesium-137, which has a half-life of 30 years.
At that rate of disintegration, John Emsley wrote in
“Nature’s Building Blocks” (Oxford, 2001), “it takes over 200 years to
reduce it to 1 percent of its former level.
It is cesium-137 that still contaminates much of the
land in Ukraine around the Chernobyl reactor.
The Environmental Protection Agency says that … once
dispersed in the environment … cesium-137 “is impossible to avoid.”
Cesium-137 is light enough
to be carried
by the wind a substantial distance.
There is no surefire prevention for cesium-137. As the EPA notes in
a discussion entitled, ”What can I do to protect myself and my family from
Neither the EPA – nor any other government agency – gives advice on how to
minimize the danger from cesium-137 poisoning.
Well, the fact that there is no silver
bullet (although some have theorized about
potential approaches) does not mean that there is nothing we can do.
Some Foods and Herbs May Help…
Supplements & Herbs for Radiation Protection
Many foods and herbs have shown efficacy in helping to protect against
radiation poisoning. Indeed, antioxidants in general have been found by some
studies to reduce
the consequences of radiation exposure…
…Tieraona Low Dog, M.D., director of The Fellowship at
the Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine and an expert on botanical
health, said that there is reason to believe that taking two to four
curcumin, the active compound in
turmeric, can help protect a number of body tissues. In addition,
can protect bone marrow from toxic assaults, and antioxidants can help the
body defend itself from radiation damage…
Dr. Russell Blaylock – on the editorial staff of the Journal of
American Physicians and Surgeons also
recommends foods and herbs to help protect us
Gingko biloba can be
protective even after exposure to radiation. Beta-glucan protects the bone
marrow. Curcumin also can offer protection
after exposure, particularly against breast cancer. He also suggests
garlic extract, ginger, melatonin, and magnesium.
…And none of these are 100% effective
even against low doses of radiation.
But there are actually numerous scientific studies backing up the ability of
some foods and herbs to help protect us from radiation.
Admittedly, some scientific studies are good studies and some are of
worthless quality. But the rest of this post will round up some of the
scientific literature for your review.
As the Journal of Clinical Biochemical Nutrition noted in
The results obtained from in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that several
botanicals such as Gingko biloba, Centella asiatica, Hippophae
rhamnoides, Ocimum sanctum, Panax ginseng, Podophyllum hexandrum, Amaranthus
paniculatus, Emblica officinalis, Phyllanthus amarus, Piper
longum, Tinospora cordifoila, Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita, Syzygium
cumini, Zingiber officinale, Ageratum conyzoides, Aegle
marmelosand Aphanamixis polystachya protect against radiation-induced
lethality, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage.
foods have protective properties against
Indian tribe living in the desert of Nevada used to eat bulbs of raw
garlic to help protect against radiation from the above-ground
Foods rich in
see this) –
the active ingredient in turmeric which, in turn, is in yellow curry
(available in Indian and Thai dishes).
Many types of seaweed (see this, this and this)
Miso (when it
has been “long-fermented”, instead of fermented for a shorter time)
herbs and supplements available at health food stores and
drugstores pharmacies have protective properties against radiation,
commonly available in some parts of the world have protective properties
against radiation, including:
Aloe arborescens (commonly
known as “Krantz Aloe”, a lesser-known member of the aloe family)
cordifolia (known as “guduchi”)
Dr. Brownstein and I agree that
taking a comprehensive mineral supplement to make sure your entire
mineral stores are replenished is a good idea, to decrease your potential for absorbing other
radioactive isotope minerals.
Additionally, you'll want to
make sure you stay well hydrated, and Dr. Brownstein also highly recommends
taking vitamin C to keep your antioxidant
defense mechanism strong.
you do get exposed to toxicity, vitamin C is one of the best anti-toxicity
nutrients you can take," he says. "In this case, it's wise not
only to be taking vitamin C going into the situation, but if you know a
radioactive cloud is coming, to increase your intake of vitamin C to give
your body a little cushion against this toxic load."
To that, I would add
taking Co Q10, or Ubiquinol
if you're over 40, along with the vitamin
Why? Because vitamin C only works when it's reduced. Once it donates an
electron, it's oxidized and cannot work. Therefore, you need something to
recharge it and Ubiquinol tends to do that—it's a powerful, synergistic
Are Sea Vegetables Like Kelp a Healthier Alternative to Potassium Iodide?
Typically, vegetables provide enormous
health benefits and those from the sea should provide loads of additional
benefits over terrestrial vegetables. However, just like eating fish, the
issue of contamination is a major factor here…Well, similarly most sea
vegetables are contaminated. So while they were an ideal source of nutrition
you need to be VERY careful about consuming them as an alternative to
... if you chose to use
sea vegetables like
kelp, nori, and kombu,
then make sure you have
independent third party lab verification that they are not contaminated and
indeed have iodine.
Another concern here is
that kelp harvested
after the Japanese radiation leak could be contaminated with radiation.
So if you chose to use kelp you will certainly want to not only
select organic versions, but
also make sure that the company is able to prove to you that it has been
screened for radioactivity by an independent third party and passed.
In conclusion I believe
that toxin free sea vegetables are likely the ideal way to obtain your
iodine. Just as toxin free fish is the best source of animal based omega-3
fats. However, with all the 20th century
industrial pollution that is an increasingly difficult challenge to acquire.
But if you can be certain the sea vegetables or seaweed supplement you want
to use is toxin free it would likely be the ideal way to receive your
Spirulina—another Potent Protector against Toxic Radiation -
Spirulina—a blue-green algae—might be another
great alternative to protect against the effects
of radiation, and there is in fact research
backing this up. Spirulina was actually used to treat children exposed to
chronic low-levels of radiation after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
According to a scientific
review of spirulina's benefits:
"Up to very recently, the
interest in Spirulina was mainly in its nutritive value. Currently, however,
numerous people are looking into the possible therapeutic effects of
Many pre-clinical studies
and a few clinical studies suggest several therapeutic effects ranging from
reduction of cholesterol and cancer to enhancing
the immune system, increasing intestinal lactobacilli, reducing
nephrotoxicity by heavy metals and drugs and radiation protection."
But what is it about this blue-green algae that
gives it this radiation-protective capacity?
Spirulina has a 16 percent
phycocyanin content—a blue pigment that is attached to its photosynthetic
membranes. Phycocyanin is also a nitrogen storage molecule.
The nitrogen atoms can form a
complex with heavy metals such as radioactive cesium and stronium, hence
"cleansing" these radioactive metals from your body…
In one animal
study from China, published in 2001,
the authors concluded that "spirulina has chemo-protective and
radio-protective capability, and may be a potential adjunct to cancer
…Spirulina, and chlorella,
have similar concerns as sea vegetables though. They can easily absorb the
radiation so if you are purchasing any that were harvested after last week
you will want to make sure they have been screened for radiation.
is another amazing tool
for detoxification and is also loaded with chlorophyll which will increase
your resistance to radiation.
Astaxanthin is another supplement I'd
seriously consider, as it too has been found to have some
protective function against ionizing radiation.
Additional Resources You Need to Aid with Radiation Detox
…Ori Hofmekler makes some compelling arguments for
the use of sweet whey to help protect
against absorbing radioactive minerals.
The interview can be
accessed by clicking here -
Dr. Mercola and Ori Hofmekler
Discuss Radiation Protection - Total Video Length: 20:26
Download Interview Transcript
One of the reasons for using
sweet whey in a situation like this is because whey protein contains all the
precursors that help your body
produce glutathione, which is one of the best
ways to detoxify these toxins.
other reason is that sweet whey is a whole whey… It's the highest source of
all minerals and trace minerals that exist in nature. It has every possible
mineral and trace elements—including organic sodium—that your body needs in
the most bioactive form.
…Clearly, consuming whole whey has so many other health
benefits (and I recommend consuming it daily anyway for optimal health) so
you can't go wrong by taking it now if you've never tried it before.
If you want to use whey as a source of minerals, I
strongly recommend making sure it's grass-fed organic whey from raw milk."
Alternative Treatment Methods
This page is an
historical document and contains content that may be out of date. -
November 14, 2001
The specific question you asked me to address today, Mr. Chairman, in my
capacity as Director of the National Center
for Complementary and Alternative
Medicine (NCCAM), is whether there are
additional health tools and practices that could effectively serve as
alternatives or as complements to the ones already implemented or forecast
here by Dr. Heilman to prevent or
treat diseases from biological weapons.
In response to this, let me say first, that as public
servants it would be unworthy and unwise of us to do anything but place our
fullest confidence in those well-considered resources that our public health
authorities have already summoned to meet the current national and
Yet, we know that no measures
except for some vaccines, including the proven ones already being used, can
totally prevent infection by virulent biological agents once they are
deployed, and no words of comfort or medications are in themselves
sufficient to fully allay the concerns that we may fall prey to such weapons.
Understandably, people are seeking additional measures to safeguard their
health and that of their loved ones. The issue is not whether there is
justification for continuing concern, but whether the measures that some are
promoting do anything more than prey upon people’s fears and distract them
from taking more prudent steps to protect themselves.
Some of the approaches now being considered by our
frightened countryman are ones that were largely displaced by the emergence
of scientific medicine. Before the articulation of the germ theory of
disease in the late 19th century and the subsequent development of vaccines
and antibiotics, people sought protection from epidemic diseases through a
variety of spiritual exercises and by ingesting natural products. It was
believed that specific rituals and selected herbal extracts and tonics
would, in current parlance, eliminate the offending pathogens or boost one’s
resistance to them. In fact, a characteristic shared by many of the
traditional healing systems of indigenous peoples, such as Ayurvedic
medicine, various forms of Oriental medicine, and the more recently
developed systems like naturopathy, is an emphasis on maximizing the body’s
inherent capacity to heal itself.
While augmenting one’s natural healing powers may prove
beneficial for some illnesses, and is a focus of much work funded by NCCAM,
there is no scientific basis to believe that this
approach would be of much value in the context of virulent diseases incited
by biological weapons. From the perspective of contemporary
immunology, diseases like anthrax, smallpox, and
tularemia exceed one’s innate immunity to control them, and progress too
rapidly for specific and protective antibody and lymphocyte responses to
evolve. Simply stated, they can kill us before we can arm ourselves fully to
defend against them.
In spite of these impressive public health
achievements, people still turn today to natural products, hoping they will
help mitigate infections. Among the most popular of these products for the
American consumer is Echinacea, a widely used herbal medicine. Small studies
suggest that it might lessen the severity of colds and the flu. Therefore,
at NCCAM we are funding substantive and rigorous studies to determine
whether the preliminary observations about Echinacea hold up. Nonetheless,
even if Echinacea proves to mitigate simple viral respiratory infections
that almost always resolve on their own, it would be a far
stretch to believe that it could prevent or
ameliorate highly virulent and disseminated bacterial or viral diseases with
high mortality rates. We must discourage any
assumption that products like Echinacea may serve in lieu of proven drugs
like ciprofloxacin or doxycycline for people exposed to anthrax bacilli.
It may not even be prudent to combine such natural
products with antibiotics because of the possibility that they would
interfere with the proper metabolism and action of the drugs. An instructive
example in this regard is the effect of the herb St. John’s Wort on the
metabolism of indinavir, a drug that has helped extend the lives of
countless patients with HIV/AIDS. St. John’s Wort accelerates removal of
indinavir from the body, leaving drug levels that no longer are adequate to
block the replication of the HIV virus…
…Apparently, some ancient preventative strategies were
more effective. From the time of the great Moslem physician Avicenna of the
10th century, Persians exposed their children to cows infected with cowpox
to protect them from smallpox. Variolation with dried smallpox scabs was
practiced in China and Korea centuries before Edward Jenner proved the
effectiveness and greater safety of classical vaccination. Since Jenner’s
time, immunity to infectious agents has been induced by administering small
amounts of a virulent
This is the well-proven basis for
routine immunizations, as for measles or polio, and which permitted
the global eradication of natural smallpox in the 1970s.
The prophylactic benefits of exceedingly dilute
substances are more in doubt than those of conventional vaccines. Starting
with the use of ultra-high dilutions of belladonna to prevent scarlet fever
in the late 18th century, there have been numerous claims that homeopathic
medicine can prevent or treat infectious diseases.
premise of homeopathy is that ‘like cures like,’ meaning that administration
of infinitesimal quantities of a substance that in higher concentrations
provokes specific symptoms, will eliminate those symptoms. Dilutions beyond those likely to leave
even a single molecule of the original offending substance is often required
to formulate a homeopathic treatment. In the 19th century, practitioners of
homeopathic medicine proposed that minuscule concentrations of killed
anthrax or smallpox microbes could confer immunity to these infections.
Although there have been studies of homeopathy’s potential against
infections, most prominently for veterinary diseases, as concluded even by
experts in homeopathy in yesterday’s Washington Post, the overall evidence
of efficacy is lacking…
I mention the homeopathic approach here because
products claiming activity against anthrax and smallpox are now experiencing
a renaissance with the public. Even though there is some doubt that these
products could be effective, we cannot prove the claims to be entirely
specious. It would be unethical and dangerous to withhold proven drugs and
vaccines in order to see whether homeopathic remedies protect people who
become exposed. Exploration of such approaches should first involve careful
studies in animals using contemporary methodologies to discern whether they
hold any promise against diseases associated with biological weapons. In the
interim, however, lacking any competent evidence that they work,
the claims about these products are dangerous both
to the individual who uses them and to the population in general who might
become infected if some refuse standard treatments.
Homeopathic Treatment Preparedness
At this historic juncture, when the danger of
biological attack is clear and omnipresent, the exemplary record of
homeopathy in treating epidemic diseases gives the American Institute of
Homeopathy both opportunity and obligation to acquaint not only our own
patients, but also the medical community and the public at large with a
valuable additional service of which they may well be unaware.
We have no intention of
recommending homeopathic medicines as a substitute for or alternative to
conventional prophylaxis with suitable vaccines or treatment with
antibiotics and other medications as required. We simply offer these gentler
methods of proven safety and effectiveness under the following special and
1) when an actual attack is
suspected or imminent, and the known risk of conventional vaccines may
outweigh the uncertain risk of possible exposure, or
no effective vaccine
2) shortly after an attack, for persons already exposed
or at high risk of exposure who are as yet a symptomatic, or for early or
incipient cases of disease, for whom conventional treatment is not yet
available or has proven injurious in the past;
3) for more advanced or desperate cases,
conventional treatment has failed or caused serious adverse reactions that
make it impossible to continue with it, or as an adjunct to such treatment;
4) for individuals with known sensitivity to or
intolerance of conventional vaccines or medications,
or both, or who refuse to take them for any reason; and
5) for individuals suffering major or minor adverse
reactions to conventional vaccines.
One further problem with
relying on conventional vaccines for prophylaxis is the process of
weaponization, which often involves deliberate alteration of the microbial
genome to render the vaccine less protective against it. Because the
suitability of homeopathic medicines is based on the total symptom-picture
of the patient rather than the antigenicity of the causative organism, they
should be equally effective under these conditions.
In December 2002, Jennifer Jacobs, M.D., M.P.H.,
current AIH President, appointed a Committee to study how and
to what extent
homeopathic medicines might prove effective for prophylaxis and treatment of
the five most commonly identified biological agents --
plague, tularemia, and botulism -- in the situations outlined above,
and to publish a report both in this Journal and in abbreviated form as
press releases to the medical community and the media…
In what follows,
our main hope is to reassure the
public, by showing how these diseases actually behave, and what practical
measures may safely be taken to combat them, both preventively, in advance
of an actual attack, and once such an attack is in progress.
and advice we offer will hopefully provide a useful antidote to the climate
of fear and uncertainty that is mainly what terror is about.
Treatments for Symptom Related Conditions
Homeopathic treatments for symptom related conditions with dosage
and frequency methods.
Please click here to read in its entirety …
Bioterrorism and Homeopathy.pdf
Buy all homeopathic remedies for a bioterrorism
disaster plan in 30C potency. This brief overview
offers recommendations for emergency
treatment, not standard homeopathic protocol.
recognize disease symptoms for speedy emergency response and
Prophylaxis: To protect
against a bioterrorism outbreak in your vicinity, open remedy bottle and
take one sniff of the indicated highlighted remedy, once daily for a week or
until threat has passed.
exposure to a bioterrorism pathogen, sniff the highlighted open remedy
bottle once or more often immediately to antidote effects. Repeat as needed.
preparedness remedies for bioterrorism disaster plan: A variety of
counter terrorism health approaches are useful for biological attacks.
Combine homeopathy with herbs and supplements for
best results. Buy a homeopathic first aid
book and learn to use it. One good example is The Homeopathic
Emergency Guide, by Thomas Kruzel.
- Symptoms: Bacterial infection with flu-like symptoms followed by
corrosive, blackened skin ulcers. Inhalation of anthrax causes difficulties
breathing, pneumonia, shock, coma, death. Gastrointestinal anthrax causes
vomiting, hemorrhaging, burning,
restlessness, thirst, anxiety, fear, septicemia and death.
Homeopathy: Anthracinum and Arsenicum
album are the two main remedies for a disaster plan. Additional remedies are
Lachesis, Pyrogenium, Tarentula cubensis, Phosphorus, Bryonia.
Symptoms: Flu-like symptoms with purple
rash followed by high fever and pus-filled bumps. Skin infection develops
from open sores with possible hemorrhaging and death.
Homeopathy: Variolinum, Malandrinum,
Sarsparilla, Thuja, Baptisia
plague produces large, pus-filled lumps on skin over
lymph nodes. Pneumonic plague attacks the lungs
causing breathing difficulties, pneumonia, septicemia. Both forms lead to
Homeopathy: Pestinum and Crotalus
horridus for hemorrhagic plague; Lachesis, Arsenicum album are effective for
bubonic plague; Phosophorus for pneumonic plague.
Botulism - Symptoms: Staggering gait,
confusion, headache, double and blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred
speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, descending muscle weakness
Hemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus
- Symptoms: Initial onset with fever, headache, nausea
followed by blood trickling from eyes, gums, nose. Black, bloody vomit with
death resulting from organ failure.
Homeopathy: Botulinum and Gelsemium,
Arsenicum album, Belladonna Alternate one of these based on individual's
symptoms with Botulinum until symptoms recede.
Homeopathy: Crotalus horridus twice daily. Additional Ebola
prophylactic treatments: alternate Echinacea extract with Crotalus
horridus once weekly until threat is out of area. Take each remedy twice
for Biological Toxins
The threat of biological warfare is real and concern over preparedness of
the civilian population and medical professionals is growing. There is
virtually no practical way that vaccines, antibiotics or other treatment can
be delivered to a frightened populace in a timely manner during a crisis.
The current strategy of having an unprotected citizenry travel to
physicians’ offices or hospitals to receive prophylactic care or treatment
The public must be armed with preventive or
therapeutic agents in their vehicles, homes and the workplace. Natural
antibiotics and antitoxins are well documented in the medical literature,
but overlooked by health authorities. These antidotes are readily
available for the public to acquire and place in an emergency biological
Americans have grown so
accustomed to relying upon prescription medications that they will probably
have difficulty believing there are natural compounds as close as the
kitchen cupboard that are potent antidotes against biological warfare.
antibiotics and antioxidants may give unvaccinated people who have been
exposed to biological or chemical weapons enough time to secure professional
care. They may
even save lives.
It is a fact that chaotic
events will make it difficult to obtain appropriate treatment even if it
were available. So we must learn more about natural antidotes.
Furthermore, it is clear that antidotes to biological attacks need to be
employed at home or the workplace in an expedient manner. The idea of
the masses running to obtain medical care or vaccines at doctor’s offices,
clinics or hospitals needs to be abandoned if civilian defense against
biological weapons is to become a reality.
Natural Antibiotic Antidotes
The Garlic Information Centerin Britain indicates
that deadly anthrax is most susceptible to garlic. Garlic is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that even blocks
toxin production by germs. [Journal Nutrition, March 2001]
Before vaccines were developed against polio, garlic was used successfully
as a prophylactic. In one test garlic was found to be a more potent
antibiotic than penicillin, ampicillin, doxycycline, streptomycin and
cephalexin, some of the very same antibiotic drugs used in the treatment of
anthrax. Garlic was found to be effective against nine strains of E.
coli, Staph and other bugs. [Fitoterapia, Volume
5, 1984] Freshly cut cloves of garlic or garlic powder may be
The antibiotic activity of one milligram of allicin, the active
ingredient in garlic, equals 15 units of penicillin.
[Koch and Lawson, Garlic: The
Science and Therapeutic Application, 2nd edition, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1996]
Garlic capsules that certify their allicin content are preferred and may
provide 5-10 milligrams of allicin, which is equivalent to 75-150 units of
The anthrax bacterium’s toxicity emanates from
its ability to kill macrophage cells which are part of the immune system.
Studies have shown that
sulfur-bearing antioxidants (alpha lipoic acid, N-acetyl cysteine,
taurine) and vitamin C, which elevate levels of glutathione, a natural
antioxidant within the body, counters the toxicity produced by anthrax.
[Molecular Medicine, November 1994; Immunopharmacology,
January 2000; Applied
Environmental Microbiology, May 1979].
The above sulfur compounds
can be obtained from health food stores and taken in doses ranging from
100-500 mg. Vitamin C should be the buffered alkaline form (mineral
ascorbates) rather than the acidic form (ascorbic acid) and should be
combined with bioflavonoids which prolong vitamin C’s action in the blood
circulation. The powdered form of vitamin C is recommended to achieve
optimal dosing. A level TABLEspoon of vitamin C powder (about 10,000 -
15,000 mgs) can be added to juice. (Editor's
Note: This should be done several times daily, and even more often in
serious illness. However, half a TEAspoon (about 2,000 mg) every 15-20
minutes is much more effective.
Melatonin, a sleep-inducing hormone available at most health food stores,
has been shown to help prevent lethal toxins from anthrax exposure.
[Cell Biology Toxicology, Volume 16, 2000] It could be taken at
bedtime in doses ranging from 5-20 mg. Melatonin boosts glutathione
levels during sleep.
Of additional interest, one of the methods by which mustard gas
works is its ability to bring about cell death by depleting cell levels of
glutathione. [eMedicine Journal, April 9, 2001] So
glutathione is also an antidote for mustard gas poisoning.
Botulism, Smallpox Natural
Virtually all bacteria, viruses and fungi depend upon iron as a
growth factor. [Iron & Your Health, T.F. Emery, CRC Press, 1991]
Iron-chelating (removing) drugs and antibiotics (Adriamycin, Vancomycin,
others) are effective against pathogens. The plague (Yersinia pestis),
botulism, smallpox and anthrax could all be potentially treated with
non-prescription metal-binding chelators. For example,
iron removal retards the growth of the plague. [Medical
Hypotheses, January 1980] The biological activity of the botulinum
toxin depends upon iron, and metal chelators may be beneficial [Infection
Immunology, October 1989, Toxicon,
Phytic acid (IP6), derived as an extract from rice bran, is the most
potent natural iron chelator and has strong antibiotic and antioxidant
[Free Radical Biology Medicine, Volume 8, 1990; Journal
Biological Chemistry, August 25, 1987] IP6 has been found to have
similar iron-chelating properties as desferrioxamine, a drug commonly used
to kill germs, tumor cells or to remove undesirable minerals from the body.
[Biochemistry Journal, September 15, 1993] IP6 rice bran
extract (2000-4000 mg) should be taken in between meals with filtered or
bottled water only (no juice).
The antibacterial, antiseptic action of plant oils has been described
in recent medical literature and may be helpful in fighting biological
toxins. [Journal Applied Microbiology, Volume
88, 2000] A potent natural antibiotic, more powerful than many
prescription antibiotics, is
oil of oregano. One study showed that
completely inhibited the growth of 25 germs such as Staphylococcus aureas,
Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
[Journal Food Protection, July 2001] Oregano has been shown to
be effective in eradicating intestinal parasites in humans. [Phytotherapy
Research, May 2000]
Wild oregano, which is quite different than the variety on most kitchen
spice racks, has over 50 antibacterial compounds. Just one part wild
oregano oil in 4000 dilution sterilizes contaminated water. [London Times, May
Nature also provides nerve gas antitoxins. Nerve gas
interrupts the normal transmission of nerve impulses by altering levels of
acetycholinesterase, the enzyme that degrades the nerve transmitter
acetycholine. Huperzine A, a derivative of Chinese club moss, has been
suggested as a pre-treatment against nerve gases.
[Annals Pharmacology France,
January 2000] The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research conducted
studies which revealed that huperzine A protects against nerve gas poisoning
in a superior manner to physostigmine, a long-standing anti-nerve
toxin.drug. [Defense Technical Information Center Review, Volume 2,
December 1996] Huperzine A is available as a food supplement at
most health food stores. Suggested dosage is 150 mcg per day.
Pretreatment is advised prior to nerve gas exposure.
- non-alcoholic liquid calendula treats skin ailments ranging from bacterial
infections to yeast. Mix with water and use as a wash for any skin lesion or
Manuka honey treats sepsis and other
bacterial infections when applied topically.
Pascalite clay detoxes,
removing pathogens from the body. Mix with calendula, manuka honey, purified
water into a paste and apply to skin lesions. Keep moist, reapply as needed.
Echinacea used to treat blood poisoning
and other septic bacterial skin conditions topically and/or internally.
Coconut oil and young coconut juice both detoxify blood,
destroying pathogens. Coconut juice rehydrates the body and replaces plasma
in emergencies when blood transfusions are unavailable. Use either topically
on wounds to disinfect, kill fungal infections, and replenish damaged skin.
Buy only raw, organic products.
Counter Terrorism Health Approaches
Dr. Len Horowitz and Dr. Sabina Devita
What makes survivors of biological attacks different from
deceased victims is their natural constitution and solid immunity. A great
example of one natural, God-given, and Bible recommended, antibiotic ideally
used to resist the plagues of yesteryear, and today, including biological
weapons attacks such as Anthrax and smallpox, is essential oils.
Thieves — oils
used historically in the 15th century to avoid the plague. Laboratory studies
found this blend killed 99.96 % of airborne bacteria such as anthrax. How to
use: Diffuse for short periods of time (1/2 hour or less) or apply to the bottom
of the feet or dilute with V-6 Mixing Oil or Massage Oil Base for a stimulating
massage under the arms and on the chest at the base of the neck. Ingredients:
clove, lemon, cinnamon, eucalyptus radiata, and rosemary. 15 ml bottle.
Single essential oils to have on hand in preparation for
biological and chemical warfare include the following along with the indications
Thyme thymol (Thymus
vulgaris CT thymol) and
— For Anthrax infection - Fill an empty capsule with about 12 or more drops of
Thyme and 1 drop of Melissa. Take 3 caps a day for 10 days, rest 48 hours then
start up again. Also rub these oils mixed with Massage Oil Base or V-6 Mixing
Oil all over the body. Thyme 15 ml bottle.
Idaho Tansy — is a powerful immune
stimulant. How to use: Apply oil directly over the cut or wound. (Rose ointment
can also be used for deep wounds mixed with the Idaho Tansy oil.) This provides
protection against viral infections when used topically on the skin. It is
additionally applied on the feet, but not to be consumed orally as it is a very
strong oil that can leave an after taste from its potent compounds. It can also
be used to help stop bleeding. Caution: Avoid using if you are epileptic or
pregnant. Always dilute and skin test especially if you are prone to allergies.
5 ml bottle.
Mountain Savory (5 ml bottle) and Oregano (15 ml bottle) —
are powerful anti-microbial oils, particularly against viruses. These oils are
akin to natural antibiotics. How to use: Diffuse or apply topically mixed with
V-6 Mixing Oil or Massage Oil Base.
Melissa — is a
powerful anti-microbial oil, particularly against viruses. This has powerful
calming, relaxing, and antiviral properties. How to use: One drop under the
tongue, or in water or juice, may suffice as treatment for viral infections. Rub
two drops of Melissa into your hands and then run your hands through your hair
as a preventive and sedative.
Dr. Cates, leading researcher at Brigham Young University,
found that Turkish Oregano and Melissa to be much better than many antibiotics.
Without reservation, we recommend Young Living Essential
Oils-a world leader in the cultivation, distillation and production of
organically grown, therapeutic Grade A essential oils. The company has
impeccable standards which we have personally witnessed on their organic farm
and distillation facility in Idaho. They are the only producer in North America
that meets International Standards for therapeutic-grade A essential oils
obtaining the AFNOR label.
All of the oils mentioned above have an important role in
protecting the immune system as well as having powerful antibacterial and/or
antiviral properties. Thus, they should earn a respectable place in your
emergency kits and home preparedness programs. We trust that this information
will be of use to you in helping to protect yourself and your loved ones during
this very troubling and dangerous time.
Colleagues Have Circulated the Following Natural
Preventives and Treatments for Anthrax and other Bio/Chemical Threats:
Freshly cut cloves of garlic or garlic powder may be beneficial. The
antibiotic activity of one milligram of allicin, the active ingredient in
garlic, equals 15 units of penicillin. [Koch and Lawson, Garlic: The Science and
Therapeutic Application, 2nd edition, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1996]
that certify their allicin content are preferred and may provide 5-10 milligrams
of allicin, which is equivalent to 75-150 units of penicillin. The anthrax
bacterium's toxicity emanates from its ability to kill macrophage cells which
are part of the immune system. Studies have shown that sulfur-bearing
antioxidants (alpha lipoic acid, N-acetylcysteine, taurine) and vitamin C, which
elevate levels of glutathione, a natural antioxidant within the body, counters
the toxicity produced by anthrax. [Molecular Medicine, November 1994;
Immunopharmacology, January 2000; Applied Environmental Microbiology, May
The antibacterial, antiseptic action of plant oils has been described in
recent medical literature and may be helpful in fighting biological toxins.
[Journal Applied Microbiology, Volume 88, 2000] A potent natural
antibiotic, more powerful than many prescription antibiotics, is oil of oregano.
One study showed that oregano completely inhibited the growth of 25 germs such
as Staphylococcus aureas, Escherichia coli, Yersinia enterocolitica and
Pseudomonas aeruginosa. [Journal Food Protection, July 2001]
Oregano has been shown to be effective in eradicating intestinal parasites in
humans. [Phytotherapy Research, May 2001]
Wild oregano, which
is quite different from the variety on most kitchen spice racks, has over
50 antibacterial compounds. Just one part wild oregano oil in 4000 dilution
sterilizes contaminated water. [London Times, May 8, 2001]
Oregano powder from whole leaf oregano is available as OregamaxTM capsules
(North American Herb & Spice Co.). A spectacular development in natural
antibiotic therapy is the manufacture of oregano powder from 100% pure oregano
oil, producing one of the most potent antibiotics known. It has recently
become available under the trade name OregacinTM (North American Herb &
Spice Co.). It costs about $1 per pill, but this is a far cry from the $16
per pill for Vancomycin, known as most potent prescription antibiotic.
Please call 1-888-508-4787,
and ask for Jackie or Elaine, to order one or more of the following Young Living
products. To read in it’s
Results on Essential Oil Treatments
The following essential oils are effective against
antibacterial and antifungal agents, antimicrobial, and bactericidal and
fungicidal processes. However this
is not conclusive that these methods will be effective
treatments for contamination by biological agents.
The antimicrobial activity of 4 samples of B. citriodora
oil, leaf paste, commercial tea (0.2 and 0.02 g/mL), and hydrosol (aqueous
distillate) were tested against 13 bacteria and 8 fungi…
The 4 essential oils were found to be effective antibacterial and
antifungal agents; however, variation was apparent between oils that did not
correlate with citral content.
The essential oil of Dracocephalum foetidum, a popular
essential oil used in Mongolian traditional medicine, was examined for its
activity. Eight human pathogenic microorganisms including B. subtilis, S.
aureus, M. lutens, E. hirae, S. mutans, E. coli, C. albicans, and S. cerevisiae
were examined. The essential oil of
Dracocephalum foetidum exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against most of
the pathogenic bacteria and yeast strains that were tested…
The essential oil of
Oliveria decumbens was investigated for its components and antimicrobial
activity against six bacteria and two fungal strains.
The oil exhibited high antimicrobial activity against all tested Gram+
and Gram- bacteria and fungal strains.
In the present study, the antimicrobial activity of
essential oils from clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. et Perry)
rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) was tested alone and in combination.
essential oils possessed significant antimicrobial effects against all
microorganisms tested…The antimicrobial activity of combinations of the
two essential oils indicated their additive, synergistic or antagonistic effects
against individual microorganism tests. The time-kill curves of
and rosemary essential oils towards three strains showed clearly bactericidal
and fungicidal processes of…
suggests that dietary oregano essential oil exerted a significant antioxidant
effect. Dietary supplementation of oregano essential oil at the level of 200
mg/kg was more effective in delaying lipid oxidation compared with the level of
100 mg/kg, but inferior to dietary supplementation of 200 mg alpha-tocopheryl
acetate per kg.
indirectly provides evidence that antioxidant compounds occurring in oregano
essential oil were absorbed by the rabbit and increased the antioxidative
capacity of tissues.
Patchouli, tea tree, geranium,
lavender essential oils and Citricidal
(grapefruit seed extract) were used singly and in combination to assess
their anti-bacterial activity against three strains of Staphylococcus aureus:
Oxford S. aureus NCTC 6571 (Oxford strain), Epidemic methicillin-resistant S.
aureus (EMRSA 15) and MRSA (untypable). A
combination of Citricidal and geranium
oil showed the greatest-anti-bacterial
effects against MRSA, whilst a
combination of geranium and tea tree oil was most active against the methicillin-sensitive
S. aureus (Oxford strain)….
demonstrates the potential of essential oils and essential oil vapours as
antibacterial agents and for use in the treatment of MRSA infection. To read
in its entirety… The
Effect of Essential Oils on MRSA
Selection & Use of Personal
Protective Equipment against Biological Agents
The Need for PPE - Personal protective equipment, or PPE, is designed to
provide protection from serious injuries or illnesses resulting from contact
with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other
hazards. Careful selection and use of adequate PPE should protect
individuals involved in chemical emergencies from hazards effecting the
respiratory system, skin, eyes, face, hands, feet, head, body, and hearing.
No single combination of protective equipment and clothing is capable of
protecting against all hazards. Thus PPE should be used in conjunction with
other protective methods, including exposure control procedures and
Types of Protection -
There are many types of protective equipment, each with specific
applications and use requirements. Information on common elements of the PPE
Eye and face
protection should protect responders from the hazards of flying
fragments, hot sparks, and chemical splashes…
Skin protection should be used when responders may be exposed to
Noise - Earplugs or earmuffs can help prevent damage to hearing.
Exposure to high noise levels can cause irreversible hearing loss or
impairment as well as physical and psychological stress.
- Responders should use appropriate respirators to protect against
adverse health effects caused by breathing contaminated air.
Search this link before making any purchases for Personal
Recommendations Before Purchasing Protective Equipment
to Evaluating the Performance of Protective Equipment
Guide to Chemical Hazards
Exposure and Effects
*Please note the following is
protocol for first responders. We
provide this information so that the public will not be misinformed when
attempting to protect themselves from biological and chemical threats. And
what is required to be fully protected from a chemical attack.
The approach to any potentially hazardous
environment, including one with biological hazards, must be made with a plan
that includes an assessment of hazard and exposure potential,
respiratory protection needs, dermal protection
needs, entry conditions, exit routes, and decontamination strategies.
Plans involving a biological hazard should be based on
relevant infectious disease or biological safety recommendations by the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (e.g.,
http://emergency.cdc.gov/bioterrorism) and other expert bodies including
emergency first responders, law enforcement, and public health officials.
The need for pre/post exposure treatment of first responders with
antibiotics, vaccination, or other medications should be determined in
consultation with licensed medical personnel.
This document is based on current understanding of the
potential agents and existing recommendations for biological aerosols and is
oriented toward acts of terrorism. The recommendations provided here do not
address and are not applicable to controlled use of biological agents in
NIOSH is providing the recommendations in this document
on the basis of the following considerations:
Biological weapons may expose workers to bacteria,
viruses, or toxins as fine airborne particles. Biological agents are
infectious through one or more of the following mechanisms of exposure,
depending upon the particular type of agent: (1) inhalation, with infection
through respiratory mucosa or lung tissues; (2) ingestion; (3) contact with
the mucous membranes of the eyes or nasal tissues; or (4) penetration of the
skin through lesions or abrasions.
Biological agents, as liquid or solid organic airborne
particles, behave the same in the air as inert or inorganic particles
because they share the same aerodynamic characteristics.
Because biological weapons are particles, they will not
permeate the materials used in the construction of respirators or protective
clothing in the same way that some chemicals can permeate through them.
However, biological particles potentially can penetrate through seams,
closures, interfaces, pores, and gaps in protective apparel. Careful
attention to properly selected, assembled and fitted personal protective
equipment (PPE) is essential to ensuring necessary
protection for first responders.
Protective clothing, including garments, gloves and
booties, also are necessary for the response to a suspected act of
biological terrorism to reduce exposures to potential dermal, chemical, and
physical hazards. Protective clothing must have physical performance
properties adequate for the mission (e.g. tensile strength, puncture
resistance, seam breaking strength, abrasion resistance). Protective
clothing is used to prevent skin exposures and/or contamination of other
clothing. The type of protective clothing needed will depend upon the
biological agent, concentration, route of exposure, and anticipated work
Protective clothing ensembles
certified to these standards should be the first choice when selecting
protective clothing for protection against biological agents.
Ensembles certified by these standards may be used to meet the applicable
level of protection (i.e., A, B, C, and D) outlined by OSHA in the Hazardous
Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard, Appendix B.
There are also other protective ensembles and clothing items that meet
OSHA's specifications available on the market that will provide protection
to biological agents. Detailed
information on the NFPA standards in relationship to CBRN terrorism events.
Approved Products for
Public Health Emergencies
Respirators for Public Health
companies make N95 respirators for health care settings and other
workplaces. However, the 3M respirators are the first devices to receive FDA
clearance for use by the public during public health medical emergencies to
reduce exposure to airborne germs.
N95 respirators are designed to protect a person from breathing in very small
particles, which might contain viruses or bacteria. They fit tightly
against the face so that most of the air inhaled goes through the filtering
FDA’s website lets you search for medical devices that
FDA has cleared or approved, including personal protective equipment. Note that
some of these products may not be available for purchase.
In May 2007,
FDA cleared for marketing two respirators that can help reduce a person's
exposure to airborne germs during a public health medical emergency. Such
an emergency can range from a worldwide outbreak (pandemic) of influenza, to a
biological terrorist threat such as anthrax.
The two respirators, manufactured by St. Paul, Minn.-based 3M Company
called the 3M Respirator 8612F and 8670F),
will be available to the general public without a prescription.
National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health - Respirator Fact Sheets
Some employers and consumers are considering purchasing
escape hoods or other respirators to
protect themselves against potential terrorist threats, including biological and
chemical substances. This guidance will provide information on what
respirators are, how they work, and what is needed for a respirator to provide
As a first step, plan how to respond if an emergency
happens. A respirator is only one small part of that plan. There
may be situations in which it's simply best to stay where you are and avoid any
uncertainty outside, a process known as "shelter-in-place," as a means
Respiratory protection is effective
The correct respirator is
It’s available when you
You know when and how to put
it on and take it off, and
You have stored it and kept
it in working order in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions
Each type of respirator can come in several varieties, each
with its own set of cautions, limitations, and restrictions of use. Some
respirators require testing to ensure a tight fit to the face, and should not be
used with facial hair. Others use a nose clip and mouthpiece, which is clenched
between your teeth, similar to a snorkel. Some respirators prevent the user from
talking while others have speaking capabilities. Every respirator
contaminated with hazardous chemicals should be decontaminated and disposed of
Escape respirators are designed to be
used only in an emergency, and only to escape from a dangerous area
to a safe area. There are several escape respirators on the market. Many of them
use a hood with a neck seal instead of a face piece. They are typically
for one-time use for a short period, typically 15 minutes to 1 hour. They
may be available in a variety of sizes and will fit most adults. Individuals
with small or very large neck sizes may not be able to use some escape hood
designs-check the supplier product information before
are the simplest, least
expensive, and least protective of the
respirator types available. These respirators only
protect against particles. They do not protect against
chemicals, gases, or vapors, and are intended only for low hazard levels. The
commonly known "N-95"
filtering face piece respirator is one type of particulate respirator, often
used in hospital to protect against infectious agents. Particulate respirators
are "air-purifying respirators" because they clean particles out of
the air as you breathe. Even if you can't see the particles, there may be too
many in the air for this respirator to provide adequate protection.
Chemical Cartridge/Gas Mask respirator:
Gas masks are
also known as "air-purifying respirators" because they filter or clean
chemical gases and possibly particles out of the air as you
breathe. This respirator includes a face piece or mask, and a filter/cartridge
(if the filter is in a metal shell it is called a "canister"). Straps
secure the face piece to the head. The cartridge may have a filter to remove
particles (such as a biological weapon), charcoal (to remove certain chemicals),
both, or other parts. When the user inhales, air is pulled through the filter.
Gas Masks are effective only if used with the correct cartridge or
filter (these terms are often used interchangeably) for a
particular biological or chemical substance. Selecting the proper filter can be
a complicated process. There are cartridges available that protect against more
than one hazard, but there
"all-in-one" filter that protects against all substances.
You need to know what hazards you will face in order to be certain you are
choosing the right filters.
Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR).
Powered air-purifying respirators use a fan to blow air through the filter
to the user. They are easier to breathe through and they need a fully charged
battery to work properly. They use the same filters as gas masks, so you need to
know what the hazard is, and how much of it is in the air.
Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
respirator commonly used by firefighters. These use
their own air tank to supply clean air, so you don't need to
worry about filters. They also protect against higher concentrations of
dangerous chemicals. However, they are very heavy (30 pounds or more), and
require very special training to use and to maintain them. Also, the air
tanks typically last an hour or less depending upon their rating
and how hard you are breathing.
to Ask Before Purchasing Respirators
National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health - Respirator Fact Sheets
The following questions and answers provide additional information for
use in selecting and using gas mask and escape respirators.
the end of this Fact Sheet, you will find a list of questions you should ask
before purchasing a Gas Mask or Escape Respirator.
If I wear a Gas Mask correctly, am I completely safe?
filter cartridges protect against only certain inhaled airborne substances. Some
dangerous chemicals are absorbed through the skin. Properly selected
and worn gas masks and escape respirators must be combined with protective
clothing to completely prevent injury from these chemicals.
Can anyone wear a respirator mask?
Breathing through a
respirator is harder than breathing in open air. People with lung diseases
such as asthma or emphysema, elderly people, and others may have trouble
breathing. Some people with claustrophobia may not be able to wear a mask or
hooded respirator. Some people with vision problems may have trouble seeing
while wearing a mask or hood (there are special masks for people who need
Can I buy any Gas Mask or Escape Respirator and expect it to protect me
from anything that might happen?
These respirators must be selected for protection against a specific hazard.
The cautions, limitations and restriction of use provided with the respirator
must be strictly followed. If your mask does not make a tight seal all the way
around your face when you inhale, you may breathe contaminated air that leaks
around the edges of the face seal. Anything that prevents the facemask from
fitting tightly against your face, such as a beard or long sideburns, may cause
leakage. Some respirators come in different styles and sizes, and fit different
people differently because people's faces have different shapes. You also need
training to know how to correctly put the mask on and wear it correctly. This
information should be provided by the supplier of the respirator.
How do I know a respirator will protect me against the hazards it claims
to protect against? - No agency in the U.S. tests and certifies respirators for
use by the general public, however, the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC), tests and certifies respirators for use by workers to protect against
Respirators certified by NIOSH will say "NIOSH
Approved" and may have a certification number. However, NIOSH only
certifies respirators against specific hazards. Just because a respirator is
certified does not mean it will protect against ALL hazards. NIOSH-certified
respirators are supplied with Approval Labels that identify the hazards that the
respirator is approved to protect against. If you are buying a respirator, you
should check the Approval Label to be sure that it has been certified against
the hazards you want protection against.
Questions You Should Ask About any Respirator You Are Considering Purchasing:
Can children wear the escape hood and get the expected protection?
- What protection (which chemicals and particles, and at what levels)
does the escape hood provide?
- Is there more than one size?
- How do I know if the gas mask or escape hood will fit?
- What type of training do I need?
- Has the escape hood been tested against claims for protection such
as biological agents, chemical warfare agents, toxic industrial chemicals,
and radioactive dust particles?
- Who performed the testing, what were the tested levels, and test
- Is the escape hood certified by an independent laboratory or
- Are there any special maintenance or storage conditions?
- Will I be able to talk while wearing the respirator?
- Does the hood restrict vision or head movement in any way?
- Can I carry the device in the trunk of my automobile?
- Is a training respirator available?
- Can I use the escape hood more than one time?
NIOSH Certified Respirators
Approved Certified Equipment
The NIOSH Trusted-Source page
provides information to understand the types of respirators, how to identify
approved models and outlets for purchase, a listing of all NIOSH-approved
and FDA-cleared surgical N95 respirators, a listing of recently revoked
respirator approvals and relevant User Notices.
It also contains information on how to implement the
use of respirators in the workplace and use them appropriately, and includes
commonly asked questions and answers (fact sheets), respirator myths, the
science of respirator function and performance, and respiratory protective
devices not approved by NIOSH
This site provides a listing of NIOSH-approved
particulate filtering face piece respirators. This type of air-purifying
respirators protects by filtering particles out of the air the user is
breathing. There are seven classes of filters for NIOSH-approved filtering
face piece respirators available at this time. Ninety-five percent is the
minimal level of filtration that will be approved by NIOSH.
of protective equipment and clothing will ensure that any particles that
might have settled on the outside of protective equipment are removed before
taking off gear. Decontamination sequences currently used for hazardous
material emergencies should be used as appropriate for the level of
protection employed and agent encountered. For example, PPE can be
decontaminated using soap and water, and 0.5% hypochlorite solution (one
part household bleach to 10 parts water) with an appropriate contact time
can be used…
After taking off gear,
response workers should shower using copious quantities of soap and water.
Bleach should not be used to decontaminate response workers. Note that all
NFPA 1994 ensembles are intended to be disposable after a single exposure
Remove all clothing (at
least down to their undergarments) and place the clothing in a labeled
durable 6-mil polyethylene bag (removal of clothing, at least to the
undergarment level will reduce victim's contamination by 85 %).
• If exposure
to liquid agent is suspected, cut and remove
all clothing and wash skin immediately with soap and water.
• If exposure to
vapor only is certain,
remove outer clothing and wash exposed skin with soap and water.
• The eyes must be decontaminated within minutes of
exposure to liquid nerve agent to limit injury. Flush the eyes immediately
with water for about 5 to 10 minutes by tilting the head to the side,
pulling eyelids apart with fingers, and pouring water slowly into eyes.
There is no need to flush the eyes following exposure to nerve agent vapor.
Remove contact lenses if easily removable without additional trauma to the
• If clothes have been exposed to contamination, then
extreme care must be taken when undressing to avoid
transferring chemical agents to the skin -
i.e. any clothing that has to be pulled over your head should be cut off
instead of being pulled over your head.
• Scraping with a wooden stick, i.e. a tongue depressor
or popsicle stick, can remove bulk agent.
• Cover all open wounds with plastic wrap prior to
performing head to toe decontamination (particular attention should be made
to open wounds because cyanide is readily absorbed through abraded skin).
• Flush the exposed skin and hair with plain water for
2 to 3 minutes then wash twice with mild soap. Rinse thoroughly with water.
Be careful not to break the patient/victim's skin during the decontamination
• Caution - many people shower as they as they do it at
home rather than conducting a rapid decontamination of their bodies. Too
aggressive scrubbing can lead to further damage to skin and open wounds.
• Irrigate exposed or irritated eyes with plain water
or saline for 5 minutes. Continue eye irrigation during other basic care or
transport. Remove contact lenses if easily removable without additional
trauma to the eye.
• Utilizing large amounts of water by itself is very
effective (limit pressure in infants).
• If water supplies are limited, and showers are not
available an alternative form of decontamination is to use 0.5 % sodium
hypochlorite solution, or absorbent powders such as flour, talcum powder, or
Sodium hypochlorite is not recommended for use in
infants and young children.
• Certification of decontamination is accomplished by
any of the following: processing through the decontamination facility; M9
tape; M256A1 ticket; or by the Chemical Agent Monitor (CAM).
• If still contaminated repeat shower procedure.
In cases of ingestion, do not induce emesis. If the
victim is alert, asymptomatic, and has a gag reflex, administer
slurry of activated charcoal (administer at 1
gm/kg, usual adult dose 60-90 g, child dose 25-50 g). A soda can and a straw
may be of assistance when offering charcoal to a child (consider
naso-gastric tube - if possible contact ED prior to use of NG tube in
infants and children [risk vs. benefit of inducing emesis with NG tube
Bogus Internet Bioterrorism
Internet Claims -
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Cracks Down on Marketers of Bogus Bioterrorism
Defense Products -
November 19, 2001
The Internet search focused on products claiming to protect
against, detect, prevent, or treat biological and chemical agents, including
anthrax. More than 200 sites marketing bioterrorism-related products were
uncovered, and additional sites are being evaluated for possible warning
letters. Included in the review were such items as gas masks and protective
suits; mail sterilizers; biohazard test kits; homeopathic remedies; and
dietary supplements such as colloidal silver, zinc mineral water, thyme, and
oregano oil as treatments for contamination by biological agents.
Web sites may be subject to state or federal investigation
or prosecution for making deceptive or misleading marketing claims that their
products can protect against, detect, prevent, or treat biological or chemical
contamination. "This marketing targets people worried about the prospect of
exposure to lethal biological or chemical weapons. The FTC is aware of no
scientific basis for any of the self-treatment alternatives being marketed on
the Internet," said Howard Beales, FTC's Director of Consumer
Protection. To read article in
Where to Purchase Reliable Protective Products
If CDC recommends personal protective equipment, where can
I buy it?
You can buy personal protective equipment from pharmacies, from medical
suppliers, or from sources you find on the Internet.
For more information about buying medical products on the
Internet, see FDA’s website on
Medicines and Medical Products Online.
Contaminated vs. Toxic Water
contaminated water is water that contains microorganisms such
as Giardia (a common microorganism that, if not killed, leads to intestinal
disorders), bacteria, or viruses that can lead to infections (see
Gastrointestinal Infections, page 316).
sources contain chemical contamination from pesticide runoffs, mine
tailings, and so on. Boiling, filtering, or
chemically treating water can remove or kill microorganisms, but it will
not remove chemical toxins. This is also the case when using a solar
still (see page 223).
Disinfection of Drinking Water
Use only water that has been properly disinfected
for drinking, cooking, making any prepared drink, or for brushing teeth.
Use bottled water that has not been exposed to
flood waters if it is available.
If you don't have bottled water, you should boil
water to make it safe. Boiling water will kill most types of
disease-causing organisms that may be present. If the water is cloudy,
filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw off the
clear water for boiling. Boil the water for one minute, let it cool, and
store it in clean containers with covers.
If you can't boil water, you can disinfect it using
household bleach. Bleach will kill some, but not all, types of
disease-causing organisms that may be in the water. If the water is
cloudy, filter it through clean cloths or allow it to settle, and draw
off the clear water for disinfection. Add 1⁄8 teaspoon (or 8 drops) of
regular, unscented, liquid household bleach for each gallon of water,
stir it well and let it stand for 30 minutes before you use it. Store
disinfected water in clean containers with covers.
If you have a well that has been flooded, the water
should be tested and disinfected after flood waters recede. If you
suspect that your well may be contaminated, contact your local or state
health department or agriculture extension agent for specific advice.
is the surest method to make water safe to drink and kill disease-causing
which are frequently found in rivers and lakes.
These disease-causing organisms are less likely to occur in
well water (as long as it has not been affected by flood waters). If not
treated properly and neutralized, Giardia may cause
diarrhea, fatigue, and cramps after ingestion. Cryptosporidium is
highly resistant to disinfection. It may cause diarrhea, nausea and/or stomach
cramps. People with severely weakened immune systems are likely to have more
severe and more persistent symptoms than healthy individuals.
Boil filtered and settled water vigorously for one minute
(at altitudes above one mile, boil for three minutes). To improve the flat taste
of boiled water, aerate it by pouring it back and forth from one container to
another and allow it to stand for a few hours, or add a pinch of salt for each
quart or liter of water boiled.
If boiling is not possible,
chemical disinfection of filtered and settled water collected from a well,
spring, river, or other surface water body will still provide some health
benefits and is better than no treatment at all.
When boiling is
not practical, certain chemicals will kill most harmful or disease-causing
organisms. For chemical disinfection to be effective, the
water must be filtered and settled first. Chlorine and iodine are the two
chemicals commonly used to treat water. They are somewhat effective in
protecting against exposure to Giardia, but may not be effective in
controlling more resistant organisms like Cryptosporidium. Chlorine is
generally more effective than iodine in controlling Giardia, and both
disinfectants work much better in warm water.
use a non-scented, household chlorine bleach that contains a chlorine compound
to disinfect water.
Do not use non-chlorine bleach to disinfect water. Typically, household
chlorine bleaches will be 5.25% available chlorine. Follow the procedure written
on the label. When the necessary procedure is not given, find the percentage of
available chlorine on the label and use the information in the following table
as a guide. (Remember, 1/8 teaspoon and 8 drops are about the same quantity.)
per Quart/Gallon of Clear Water
per Liter of Clear Water
Quart - 40 per Gallon
2 per Quart
- 8 per Gallon (1/8 teaspoon)
2 per Liter
1 per Quart
- 4 per Gallon
1 per Liter
(If the strength of the bleach is unknown, add ten drops
per quart or liter of filtered and settled water. Double the amount of chlorine
for cloudy, murky or colored water or water that is extremely cold.)
Mix the treated water thoroughly and allow it to stand,
preferably covered, for 30 minutes. The water should have a slight chlorine
odor. If not, repeat the dosage and allow the water to stand for an additional
15 minutes. If the treated water has too strong a chlorine taste, allow the
water to stand exposed to the air for a few hours or pour it from one clean
container to another several times.
use granular calcium hypochlorite to disinfect water.
Add and dissolve one heaping teaspoon of high-test granular calcium
hypochlorite (approximately ź ounce) for each two gallons of water, or 5
milliliters (approximately 7 grams) per 7.5 liters of water. The mixture will
produce a stock chlorine solution of approximately 500 milligrams per liter,
since the calcium hypochlorite has available chlorine equal to 70 percent of its
weight. To disinfect water, add the chlorine solution in the ratio of one part
of chlorine solution to each 100 parts of water to be treated. This is roughly
equal to adding 1 pint (16 ounces) of stock chlorine to each 12.5 gallons of
water or (approximately ˝ liter to 50 liters of water) to be disinfected. To
remove any objectionable chlorine odor, aerate the disinfected water by pouring
it back and forth from one clean container to another.
use chlorine tablets to disinfect filtered and settled water.
Chlorine tablets containing the necessary dosage for drinking water disinfection
can be purchased in a commercially prepared form. These tablets are available
from drug and sporting goods stores and should be used as stated in the
instructions. When instructions are not available, use one tablet for each quart
or liter of water to be purified.
use tincture of iodine to disinfect filtered and settled water.
Common household iodine from the medicine chest or first aid kit may be used to
disinfect water. Add five drops of 2 percent U.S. or your country’s approved
Pharmacopeia tincture of iodine to each quart or liter of clear water. For
cloudy water add ten drops and let the solution stand for at least 30 minutes.
use iodine tablets to disinfect filtered and settled water.
Purchase commercially prepared iodine tablets containing the necessary dosage
for drinking water disinfection at drug and sporting goods stores. Use as stated
in instructions. When instructions are not available, use one tablet for each
quart or liter of filtered and settled water to be purified.
USE WATER THAT HAS BEEN PROPERLY DISINFECTED FOR DRINKING, COOKING, MAKING ANY
PREPARED DRINK, OR FOR BRUSHING TEETH.
Personal Protective Products
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www.ready.gov - Are You
Are You Ready? Provides
a step-by-step approach to disaster preparedness by walking the
reader through how to get informed about local emergency plans, how to
identify hazards that affect their local area and how to develop and
maintain an emergency communications plan and disaster supplies kit. Other
topics covered include evacuation, emergency public shelters, animals in
disaster and information specific to people with access and functional
Are You Ready? Also
provides in-depth information on specific hazards including what to do
before, during and after each hazard type. The following hazards are
covered: Floods, Tornadoes, Hurricanes, Thunderstorms and Lightning, Winter
Storms and Extreme Cold, Extreme Heat, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Landslide and
Debris Flows (Mudslide), Tsunamis, Fires, Wildfires, Hazardous Materials
Incidents, Household Chemical Emergencies, Nuclear Power Plant and Terrorism
(including Explosion, Biological, Chemical, Nuclear and Radiological
Report an Environmental Emergency
More information about reporting and the National Response Center
emergency is a sudden threat to the public health or the well-being of the
environment, arising from the release or potential release of oil,
radioactive materials, or hazardous chemicals into the air, land, or water.
Examples of environmental emergencies include:
These emergencies may occur from transportation
accidents, events at chemical or other facilities using or manufacturing
chemicals, or as a result of natural or man-made disaster events. If you are
involved in or witness an environmental emergency that presents a sudden
threat to public health, you must call the National
Response Center at: 1-800-424-8802.
How to Prepare Yourself
Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand
against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and
blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of
the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God,
that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all,
to stand. Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and
having on the breastplate of righteousness;
And your feet shod with the preparation of the
gospel of peace;
Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye
shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of
the Spirit, which is the word of God:
Praying always with all prayer and supplication in
the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and
supplication for all saints;
www.naturalnews.com by Mike Adams
(NaturalNews) The age of human delusion is rapidly coming to an end. A
civilization that has deluded itself into believing so many of its own lies
on pivotal issues -- agriculture, fossil fuels, economics, finance, water
supply, food, pharmaceuticals and more -- sooner or later runs headfirst
into reality. All the theatrics of the era fade into history as the day of
reckoning arrives, and the self-deluded masses wake up bewildered and
disoriented, not understanding why the fabricated world they always believed
was real has suddenly vanished, leaving them starving and destitute.
Buoyed by the conveniences of the industrial age (and then the information
has grown weak and shortsighted.
A species that arrogantly believes it has conquered the world through
"science" and "industry" actually stands on the verge of being destroyed by
its own creations. These include:
* Nuclear catastrophes and nuclear
* The rise of deadly pandemic superbugs
* The collapse of the
global financial debt pyramid
* Self-replicating genetic pollution,
superweeds and the collapse of agriculture
* The collapse of the world's
fresh water supplies, followed by the desertification of agricultural
Preparing your mind, body and spirit
To survive this historical awakening and
transition, you will need to invoke an internal toughness that encompasses
your mental, physical and spiritual bodies:
PHYSICAL toughness: Expect to expend
considerable time and energy in physical pursuits largely related to
nurturing your own food supply. Gardening, harvesting, animal ranching and
mechanical skills will keep you alive in an age when "virtual" skills (like
programming websites) may be relatively useless. You'll also need a very
strong, adaptable immune system to keep you healthy in a time when
infectious disease runs rampant across the world, killing off those with
weaker immune systems.
To mentally survive the rapid socioeconomic changes taking place and deal
with the mass death happening around you, you'll need to summon a degree of
internal mental toughness that you probably didn't know you had. You'll also
need the kind of mental toughness that empowers you to protect your family
from physical threats, barter with neighbors at a public market, or keep
pushing yourself through tremendous hardship where others might give up and
SPIRITUAL toughness: During
the darkest days of the transition, you will need to discover a spiritual toughness
that gives you strength. Beyond the physical and the mental, you will need
to connect with the divine for spiritual guidance, and you'll need to find
faith in the unseen, even when there is no readily apparent evidence in the
world around you that convinces you of its existence. Spiritual toughness
will give you the guidance and the internal light to see your way through
the most challenging of times, keeping you alive when others have long since
How to prepare
yourself starting today
So how do you prepare yourself and increase your physical, mental and
spiritual strength? You practice
Starting today, make it a point to
exercise your body, mind and spirit on a daily basis. It's simpler than you
think. You might do a daily practice that's as simple as:
PHYSICAL: Lift weights, shovel dirt,
do pilates or go swimming for 15 minutes a day.
MENTAL: Learn a language or study a
difficult subject for 15 minutes a day.
SPIRITUAL: Meditate or pray
for 15 minutes a day.
many people fall short is in focusing too much time on just one area -- such
as physical fitness -- while forgetting to enhance their mental toughness or
Survival from a whole new perspective
You may wonder what all these have to do with
surviving the end of one human era and the rise of another. After all, when
it comes to the subject of survival, most people talk about stocking up on
food, water, medical supplies, ammunition and so on.
These are all
THINGS for survival, but what I'm focusing on in this article is your
personal aptitude for survival. If you have the personal aptitude to be
adaptable at every level -- physical, mental and spiritual -- you can and
will survive almost anything thrown your way. After all, the single most
important survival tool you have is the one between your ears. If that tool
is functioning well -- and you have the physical stamina to go with it --
you'll do just fine.
There are a thousand activities you can pursue
right now that will train you for survival yet have nothing to do with
classic "survival" preparedness. These are "Wax On, Wax Off" type of
exercises, meaning they prepare you physically and mentally for a future
encounter where your personal development will give you a sudden (and often
unexpected) edge. (Yes, this reference is from the Karate Kid movie, FYI.)
So I ask you: What are you doing right now for your Wax On, Wax Off
practice? Sitting in front of the TV doesn't cut it. Neither does posting
comments on Facebook or downing another double grande latte at Starbucks.
It's time to reexamine how you are spending your time and effort and ask
yourself, "Does THIS activity help prepare me physical, mentally or
spiritually for the era of human transition that's coming?"
doesn't, change your habits. Pursue the things that train you to be a
survivor, and you will ensure your future in a world that's coming where the
weak and delusional are gone... and where the future belongs to those of
strong moral character. That's a future humanity desperately needs, and it's
one the species will eventually come to embrace, but not before the coming
collapse causes widespread global death and destruction. It's time for
humanity to advance beyond its infancy, but don't expect it to be pretty...
(NaturalNews) Most of the talk on preparedness
these days focuses on food, water, emergency medical supplies, sleeping bags
and similar items. There's nothing wrong with that, of course, but it's
limited to the scope of being ready for things that happen when you're
alive. But this life is just the blink of an eye in the larger perspective
of spirituality and the
survival of your conscious soul. As journeys into the afterlife have
revealed to us, there is an afterlife beyond this life, and our actions here
on Earth are judged by the Creator.
What have you done to prepare your
soul for the afterlife?
This isn't a joke question. We all focus
on the survival of our physical bodies here on Earth, but relatively few
people consider the
survival of their eternal souls beyond this realm. That's strange
because the world beyond this life is actually far more REAL (and eternal)
than this life here on Earth (which is often described as a "training
ground" or a "simulation" or a "dream").
Whether we live or die
through the next Earthly preparedness crisis, the truth is that we all pass
on to the afterlife sooner or later. That fact is inescapable and thus
warrants the consideration of every conscious being living today.
Judgment Day will be here before you know it…
physical body to survive the physical world; and prepare your soul to
survive the spiritual world.
Read in entirety…www.naturalnews.com
By Live Healthy Naturally
Ask yourself, are you
prepared spiritually, physically and
mentally for what may be just ahead?
How do you prepare mentally?
Set your mind to resist the culture of this
world, our world today, when it conflicts with the culture of the
Kingdom of God. Don’t compromise in the face of adversity.
Seek God’s wisdom and
understanding and to discern the times in which we live.
- “Set your minds on things above, not on
earthly things” (Colossians 3:2).
How do you prepare physically?
Become fit if you are not. If you are fit,
Educate yourself on the toxins that affect
Learn how to
treat medical conditions in
the absence or in place of pharmaceuticals using essential oils.
See our recommended product lines.
Take the practical precautions in
preparing for emergency and survival preparedness.
How do you prepare spiritually?
If you are already a
“Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty
power. Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand
against the devil’s schemes. For our struggle is not against flesh and
blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the
powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in
the heavenly realms.
Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that
when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and
after you have done everything, to stand. Stand firm then, with the
belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of
righteousness in place, and with your feet fitted with the readiness
that comes from the gospel of peace. 16 In addition to all this, take up
the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming
arrows of the evil one. Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of
the Spirit, which is the word of God.
And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all
kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always
keep on praying for all the Lord’s people” (Ephesians 6:10-18).
Learning how to effectively
pray is imperative - Prayer is our life line and our connection with
the Creator of the universe.
Prayer is the only
legitimate vehicle from heaven to earth that enables the deployment of
the power of God relative to His Kingdom.
Our recommended teaching,
The Spirit of Wisdom in Understanding Prayer and Faith will empower
you to experience and operate in the supernatural power of God.
If you are not a believer,
you make Jesus Lord and Savior?
If you want to know why Jesus? click here…
On the spiritual plane our eternal existence has one
of two choices, the decision of either Jesus as Lord and Savior that
determines heaven. Or Satan that determines your final destination of hell.
No matter what
the future holds for mankind on this plane, thankfully it is the Father of
Heaven and His Son, Jesus the Christ, which will have the final word and has
ultimately determined the fate of mankind.
Therefore, having a personal
relationship with Jesus as Savior is the first, and most important,
“emergency planning step” you can take for your future security and